Regional Dynamics and Russian Security Strategy in South Asia: A Comparative Analysis of Pakistan and India
The Policy of Russia towards South Asia has recently become the subject of
numerous speculations. As ties between Russia and China, it is apparent that
Russia is gradually getting rid of the India-centric policy in South Asia. Moreover, its
behavior towards Pakistan is also changing at regional and international levels. This study
critically analyzed the transformations in the Russian strategy about South Asia owing to
changed scenario of international power structure. The regional dynamic of South Asia has
been discussed to comprehend the transformations in Russian strategy towards South Asia
and particularly India and Pakistan. It is argued that the security interests have promoted
Russia to change its policies by balancing the power equation with USA by cooperating with
China a ...
1-Muhammad Imran PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Gulam Muhammad Nagra PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Indo-Pak Competition, Multipolarity, Regional Dynamics of South Asia, Security Strategy of Russia
Role of Pakistani Media in Educating the Masses: Analyzing Need for National Media Policy
Mass media is considered as one of the most important means of
communication. There are certain agencies of education like home, family,
and society which play important role in educating masses. Along with these agencies, media
has an important role to educate the masses as it has ability to influence the masses. This
research analyzes the media landscape in Pakistan and its role in educating the masses. An
in-depth analysis of media in Pakistan elaborates that media in Pakistan is not playing a
vibrant and effective role to educate due to vested interests of media conglomerates. Both
private and state-owned media require a complete revamp and revisit.The need is felt is to
design contents keeping in social and psychological needs of the people. It was suggested
that while formul ...
1-Babar Hussain Shah Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Saqib Riaz Associate Professor,Department of Mass Communication,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Mudassir Mukhtar Assistant Professor,Department of Mass Communication,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Construction of Advertisements in Pakistan: How far Television Commercials Conform to Social Values and Professional Code of Conduct?
The present study examines that how far television content especially
televised advertisements in Pakistan are conforming to the professional code
of conduct, and social values of the society. For this purpose, the researchers selected TV
commercials being telecast during prime time dramas and examined them through content
analysis against the code of conduct formulated by Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory
Authority (PEMRA). The researchers focused on existence/non-existence of deception,
obscenity, and stereotyping in the advertisements. They also explored that whether the level of
existence of deception, obscenity and stereotyping varies from product to product and channel
to channel or remains intact across the board. It was found that most of the advertisements
were decepti ...
Closing the Gap: A Comparison of Journalism Education between Pakistan and the United States of America
The current study is done with the objective to compare the professional
values and competencies of journalism education in the USA and Pakistan.
Elite interviews and content analysis were done to compare the curriculum standards defined
by Accrediting Council on Education of Journalism and Mass Communication (ACEJMC)
and the objectives defined in the Higher Education Commission (HEC) curriculum on mass
communication. The finding of the elite interviews that were conducted from academicians
and professionals from the USA and Pakistan showed that the gap between the professional
values and competencies were minimal. Similarly, the findings of content analysis revealed
that there are a lot of similarities in the professional values and competencies of journalism
in both countries. M ...
Pakistan-China Iron Brothers: A New Horizon of Inter State Relations
From Pakistan’s perspective, the relationship with China is one of the core
national interests, which has endured the test of times and is growing
stronger every day. Since establishment of diplomatic relations in 1951, both countries have
enjoyed respect, support and mutual trust. We are truly good neighbors, trusted partners,
close friends and dear brothers. President Hu Jintao, described the relations as "higher than
the Himalayas, deeper than the Indian Ocean and sweeter than honey" (Hu Jintao, 2006).
Similar sentiments have been reciprocated by every segment of Pakistani society as China
has a special place in the heart of Pakistani society and obvious foreign policy orientation.
The existing level of bilateral relations has touched new heights and the two nation states are
1-Waseem Ishaque Assistant Professor,Department of International Relations, National Defense University, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Jawad Shah Director Research,Institute for Strategic Studies,Research & Analysis (ISSRA), National Defense University, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Factors Responsible for Promoting Religious Extremism in Pakistan: A Case of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Religious extremism is related to religion and sensation and has become a
global issue, but since long, Pakistan has been considered among those
countries that have been the Centre of it. Pakistan has been considered by the world
community, as the cause as well as the victim of terrorism and extremism. It is a complicated
phenomenon and needs exploring all the social, religious, economic, political and sectarian
factors behind it. There are different reasons, causes, sources and factors of extremism and
terrorism in the region in general and in Pakistan in particular. Explanation of all these
factors is primarily important for understanding this evil in Pakistan and the region. The
researcher has tried to find briefly those factors that promoted religious extremism in the
Major Powers’ Interest in Afghanistan and the Impact on Pakistan
Over the last four decades, the Afghan crisis has become a source of unease
and turmoil in the region. It remained the cornerstone of the interests of
regional as well as global powers. Moscow's mistake to intervene in Afghanistan revealed its
unassailable vulnerability. After the disintegration of Soviet Union Kabul has again become
the center of attention of 9/11 terror attacks and importance of US policy in the region. The
United States' consistent set of interests and concerns in Afghanistan are in flux as well and
many sanctuaries are deemed to be found in Pakistan from where militants can target US and
its allies. Pakistan remained locked in the Afghan conflict and faced a threat of extremism
and militancy in various forms. Further complicating the situation is what can only ...
1-Ghulam Muhammad Nagra PhD Scholar,Department of Political Science & International Relations,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Imran PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science & International Relations, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
The occurrence of social taboos and their frequencies on Pakistani television dramas was the core objective behind
the conduction of this research work. The ultimate purpose was to find out the possible types of social taboos,
frequently exposed social taboo, occurrence per drama and comparison of social taboos in these dramas. The analysis was carried out
by using purposive sampling technique. The results showed that there were nine types of social taboos i.e. obscene language, nudity,
disrespectful attitude, violence, drug abuse, racism, divorce, extra-material relation and abortion in Pakistani primetime Urdu
dramas. The finding of the study demonstrated that obscene language was exposed more than the other social taboos, whereas the
drama serial Sabaz Qadam was found having more ...
1-Farrukh Nazir PhD Scholar, Center for Media and Communication Studies, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Arshad Ali Assistant Professor, Center for Media and Communication Studies, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Farooq PhD Scholar,Center for Media and Communication Studies,University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.
ARY TV, Drama, Electronic Media, Prime Time, Social Taboo
Labovian Model and Analysis of The Bully as Representation of the USA
While applying Labov's model this study finds out the macro and micro features of the written text, i.e., The Bully
by Roger Dean Kiser, an American fiction writer. Labov's model of narrative analysis has proven efficacy primarily
in the exploration of the macro features. However, for the analysis of microfeatures, other elements of discourse analysis such as
cohesive ties, discourse markers, substitutions, ellipses, contractions, exchanges, inversions, and some other attributes were used to
explore the representative aspects of the writer's work. Macro analysis revealed that most of the different levels of Labov model, i.e.,
abstract, orientation, complicating actions, resolution, and evaluation were found in the story. Coda, which is the optional part of
any story, remained absent. ...
1-Liaqat Iqbal Assistant Professor,Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Irfan Ullah Assistant Professor,Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Farooq Shah Lecturer,IBMS,Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan..
Written text, discourse analysis, story, Labov model
Impact of Personality traits on Workplace Deviance — A Pakistani Perspective
This research-based study investigated empirically the impact of
agreeableness personality traits to workplace deviant behavior in
employees working in different organizations. We collected data through cross-sectional
method from 290 employees who can read and understand English. Previous studies
conducted related to these constructs confirmed that questionnaires in English language are
appropriate for data collection. Correlation and regression analysis were used to analyze the
data because it fulfills the purpose related to this research. The study found that agreeable
personality trait is negatively related to workplace deviance or employees with agreeableness
personality trait remain focused on their job in organization. Or employees who are low in
agreeableness trait are lik ...
1-Tariq Iqbal Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, University of Haripur, KP, Pakistan.2-Shiraz Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Management Sciences,University of Haripur, KP, Pakistan.3-Mubashar Hassan Zia Lecturer,Faculty of Management Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Issues of E-Banking in Pakistan: Managers’ Perceptions about E-Banking Issues
The banking industry is shifting from old traditional banking systems to
virtual banking around the world. As it is moving towards online, the issues
related to it are also increasing. Most common issues faced by e-banking around the globe
are security, fraud, customer awareness, trust, risk, privacy, phishing attacks and government
laws. The objective of this study is to highlight the issues faced by e-banking in developing
countries like Pakistan. For this purpose, five national banks were selected. Interviews and
discussions with the senior managers were conducted and transcribed. The critical issues
identified were mostly related to security, regulatory and reversal of wrong transaction. Lack
of awareness and knowledge about technical systems are also found as the major concern ...
1-Abdul Zahid Khan Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Technology Management,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Jam e Kausar Ali Asghar Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, University of South Asia, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
E-banking, Online Banking, Pakistan, Issues of E-Banking
A Dystopian View of Postmodern Culture and Corporate Hegemony in Max Barry’s Jennifer Government
This paper offers a dystopian view of postmodern culture and corporate
hegemony to foreground the effects of late capitalism on human and society.
The paper interprets Max Barrys Jennifer Government in the light of Frederic Jameson and
Tom Moylans theories of postmodern culture and dystopia, respectively. For Jameson,
postmodern culture is characterized by commodification of society, general depthlessness,
simulacrum, and death of subjectivity. Similarly, Moylan considers dystopia an index of the
systemic ills of late capitalism. The corporate hegemony enacts a socioeconomic hegemonic
enclosure and deprives humans of social and individual identity. Barrys novel presents a
dystopic view of postmodern culture by foregrounding the commodification of society,
corporate hegemony, and i ...
1-Muhammad Mahmood Ahmad Shaheen Assistant professor, Department of English, Government Sadiq Egerton College Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Sohail Ahmad Saeed Assistant professor,Department of English,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Postmodern Culture, Commodification, Corporate Hegemony, Consumerism, Social Values, Dystopia, Social Disintegration
Impact of Authentic Learning on the Satisfaction, Knowledge and Skills of Distance Learners in Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning Environment
This study was aimed to measure the impact of authentic learning on the
satisfaction, knowledge and skills of the learners in context-aware
ubiquitous learning environment. For this purpose an E-module based on authentic learning
activities was developed. This was a single group pre-survey and post survey experimental
study. All the students of M.Phil. DNFCE at AIOU in semester spring 2016 were taken as
sample. The data was collected through questionnaires based on five point Likert scale. The
descriptive statistical analysis (mean and Standard deviation) found suitable for the study and
Pair T-test was used to compare the opinions of the learners of experimental group before
and after the experiment. It is suggested that the activities based on authentic learning
enhance students ...
1-Zubia Noreen Ph.D Scholar,Department of Distance and Non-Formal Education,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Ajmal Associate Professor, Department of Distance and Non-Formal Education,Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Arshad Awan Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Activity based Learning, Authentic Learning, Electronic Learning, Ubiquitous Learning.
Corporate Frauds, Information Asymmetry and Stock Market Reaction
Corporate financial frauds have shaken the investors’ trust in the credibility
of financial reports. Given the significance of the association between the
quality of governance structure and reliability of financial reporting mechanism, the study
evaluates this relation to evidence whether firms accused of financial misconduct improve
their credibility. Applying a sample of 63 firms involved in violations of Securities and
Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) rules, the study affirms a positive relation between
fraud disclosure and successive improvements in governance structure. The study further
notices a positive relation between the buy-and-hold abnormal returns and the intensity of
increase in outside director percentage after three years of fraud detection. These empirica ...
The Impact of New-Genre Leadership Style Training on Leadership Skills of School Leaders
This research determined the impact of New-Genre leadership style
training on leadership skills of school leaders working in public and
private schools. The rational of this training was developed on the basis of related literature
and training need analysis. A short-course was developed focusing the deficient areas and
offered to 120 participants, randomly sampled to participate in this training. With addition
of sub-grouping and a follow-up study, one-group pre-test post-test design was adapted in
this quasi-experimental research using quantitative methods. For statistical analysis, mean,
standard deviation, percentages and paired sample t-test were applied. According to
findings, the New-Genre Leadership Style Training has enhanced the leadership skills of
school leaders. The f ...
1-Neelam Nisar Student,Department of Education, Lahore College for Women University,Punjab, Pakistan.2-Uzma Quraishi Vice-ChancellorDepartment of Education,Women University, Multan, Pakistan.3-Afifa Khanam Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Punjab, Pakistan.
Coalescence of Form and Content in Ali’s English Ghazal: The Trauma of Kashmir in The Country without a Post Office
This paper investigates the enunciation of meaning in the coalescence of
form and content in the ghazals of Agha Shahid Ali. In the last decade of
the twentieth-century escalation of political and civil clashes handicapped the social system
in Kashmir; all the government institutions remained closed for months. Post offices were
one of those institutions which remained shut and the letters piled on without finding reaching
their addressees. In this backdrop Ali wrote the collection, The Country Without a Post
Office, where Ali mourns the state oppression. This research explores through literary
stylistics the chaos and trauma inextricably interwoven in the form-content synchronization
in the English ghazals of this collection. The form and content of these ghazals have aptly
1-Sabir Hussain Visiting Lecturer, Department of English Literature, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Pinkish Zahra Visiting Lecturer, Department of English Literature, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Ghulam Murtaza Associate Professor,Department of English Literature, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Urdu ghazal, English ghazal, Chaos, Trauma, Kashmir, Literary stylistics
Students Organizations and Group Socialization: An Analysis of Islami Jamiat Talba in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Islami Jamiat Talba has been playing a key role in socializing students across Pakistan. Initially envisioned as
(missionary) organization, it however, involved more in campus politics. In the framework of "Group socialization
theory" this paper focuses on the systematic training and socialization procedure of IJT affiliated students. It primarily tries to
investigate how IJT, as a distinct group, socialize students and make them part of the group? Data was collected through interviews
in three different universities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The paper argues that, the social interaction of the students and their
acquiring of new values and habits from their friends have enormous impacts on their personalities. The socialized members have
uniform politico-social values and understanding ...
1-Wajid Mehmood Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,FATA University, Darra Adam Khel, TSD Kohat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Sajjad Hussain Visiting Faculty, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Imraz Muhammad Lecturer,department of Political Science, University of Buner, KP, Pakistan.
Jamaat-i-Islami, Islami Jamiat Talba, Political Socialization, Group Socialization, Student Organizations
Do Internal Working Conditions Affect Morale of Teaching? A Study of Teachers’ Perception
The study was to investigate teachers morale towards their teaching Profession at the University of Sargodha. The
qualitative research design was used for this study. The adopted instrument was used for the research purpose. 39
items were developed by the researcher. Teachers from 24 departments of University of Sargodha were selected as sample of the study
by using convenient sampling technique. Ninety (90) teachers out of Two hundred (200) were the total selected sample. Collected
data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results showed that there is significant difference
between teachers morale and internal factors. The insignificant difference was found among teachers of different ages and gender,
also concluded there was significant dif ...
1-Zunaira Fatima Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Shazia bibi Lecturer,Department of Education,University of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Zaigham Qadeer Associate Professor,Faculty of Education,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Teachers’ Morale, Internal Working Conditions, Teachers’ Perception
Naturalistic Elements in Ahmed Ali's Novel "Twilight in Delhi"
The paper aims at analyzing the novel Twilight in Delhi written by Ahmad Ali in the light of naturalistic
elements. Naturalism as literary theory originated in the late 19th century focuses that human actions are controlled
and determined by hereditary, fate, environment and other social obligation, thus represents a very grim picture of life. Besides these
features, the study has also explored many other features of naturalism in this literary work.by the researcher in the current study
through qualitative analysis. The researcher has selected the text which clearly represent such features. The study resulted that the
text and themes of the said novel represents many key features of naturalism. ...
1-Bilal Khan Lecturer,Department of English, FATA University, KP, Pakistan. 2-Akbar Ali Assistant Professor, Department of English,FATA University, KP, Pakistan.3-Salma Hassan Lecturer, Department of English, FATA University, KP, Pakistan.
Naturalism, Naturalistic elements, Twilight in Delhi
Canonizing Othering and Reassertion of Orientalism in Contemporary Anglophone Young Adult Fiction by American and European Writers of Pakistani Origin
The present paper based on the theoretical underpinning of Graham Huggans The Postcolonial Exotic and Lisa
Laus Re-Orientalism: The Perpetration and Development of Orientalism by Oriental explores the archetypal,
essentialist and the stereotype representation in contemporary young adult fictions Skunk Girl (2009) by Sheba Karim and
Wanting Mor (2010) by Rukhsana Khan, the American/European Pakistani authors. Both Huggan and Lau have traced the
intended strategies deployed by the Anglophonic authors particularly those of global critical acclaim, winners of laurels andawards
have asserted the notion of othering, whereupon getting the legitimation and license of global merchandising. All emerging genres
including young adult fictions by Anglophone writers enthralled by the contemporary ...
1-Asma Haseeb Qazi Assistant Professor,Department of English,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Shazia Rose Assistant Professor, Department of English,National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Ismail Abbasi Assistant Professor,Department of English,Govt. Post Graduate College Boys, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Anglophone, Exotic, stereotype, orientalism, Young adult fiction.
Adaptive Market Hypothesis and Artificial Neural Networks: Evidence from Pakistan
The debate covering stock return predictability is now shifted towards the investigation of changing patterns of
return predictability as suggested by the adaptive market hypothesis (AMH). The present article inspects the
varying return predictability pertaining to the equity market in Pakistan under AMH framework. A nonlinear autoregressive
neural network (NARNN) model is employed to investigate the nonlinear dependency of returns over a period of eighteen years.
NARNN is a robust and flexible technique that is free from any restrictive assumptions. Under a rolling window framework, the
repeating patterns of predictability and unpredictability are observed. This finding confirms the idea of AMH. ...
Teachers Involvement in the Development of Students’ Personality Traits in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The study aimed to look for the participation and comparison of gender-based teachers involvement in the
development of various personality traits of students at secondary school level. To answer the research questions, a
sequential explanatory mixed method design was adopted. The Southern districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were taken as a source of
data. The researcher selected 361 secondary school teachers as a sample through simple random sampling technique. For collection
of data Big Five Factors Personality Inventory developed by Buchanan(2001) were adapted. Results of the study revealed that mostly
teachers are strongly agree that they have their role in extroversion personality trait development. Significance difference found
between male and female teachers involvement as “Ext ...
1-Saif Ullah PhD Scholar,Institute of Education and Research,University of Science & Technology, Bannu, KP, Pakistan.2-Safdar Rehman Ghazi Assistant Professor, Institute of Education and Research,University of Science & Technology, Bannu, KP, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Kamran Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Loralai, Loralai, Balochistan, Pakistan.
Smart Education with Smart Phones: A Case Study of Bahawalpur
Education plays a vital role in the development of every country in this world. Although, it is a fundamental right
of every citizen of the country to acquire education and it is also the responsibility of the governments to provide
and create such opportunities to obtain an education. But unfortunately, the governments of developing countries are failed to deliver
a strong policy on “education for all”, due to their financial constraints and lack of infrastructural planning. In order to address this
issue, Smartphones are used to spread education in these areas. In this research paper, we propose a solution based on the application
of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) such as Smartphone which provides an opportunity to spread education
sitting at distinct places w ...
1-Dost Muhammad Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Computer Sciences and I.T,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Iqra Yaqoob Visiting Lecturer,Department of Computer Sciences and I.T, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Nadeem Akhtar Assistant Professor,Department of Computer Sciences and I.T,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Smart Education, Smartphone, Cloud Computing (CC), E-Education, Distance-Education, Virtual-Education
Understanding Pakistani Science Students’ Memorization Cognitive Processing Strategies in the Context of Their Culture, Socio-Economic Class and Education System
Students use cognitive processing strategies (CPS) to learn from learning content. Each kind of CPS leads to specific
kind of learning outcomes. The CPS may be broadly grouped into rehearsal, organization and elaboration. The
culture, teaching learning situations and students conceptions limit choices to use different CPS. Because of contextual nature of
students CPS, qualitative approaches appeared advantageous to explore students CPS. In this study, focus group interviews were
used to discover Pakistani students opinions of their CPS. The public-e school students of Punjab were the population of the study.
Purposive sampling was used to select sample to conduct focus group interviews. Students views were analysed by implying applied
thematic analysis. Rehearsal in its passive form ...
1-Rafaquat Ali Assistant Professor,Department of Education,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Abid Shahzad Assistant Professor,Department of Education,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Syed Zubair Haidar Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Training,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Cognitive processing strategies, memorization, rehearsal, social class reproduction, Applied thematic analysis.
Deleuze and Guattaris Immanent Plane and Becoming in a Fairy Tale
The entities exist on dual planes, on the physical or transcendental plane, in forms, and the philosophical or
immanent plane that only considered intensity and movement of the objects. The present study is grounded on the
notions of Deleuze and Guattari (1987) who considered immanent plane to be affecting and transforming the indulged bodies through
process of becoming. The present study, through thematic analysis, investigated a few instances from the character of Alex Bailey,
from, The Enchantress Returns (2013). The findings depicted that becoming was a constant process. Additionally, the becoming
bodies or objects could be physical, imaginary, psychological or phenomenal. The transformations through becoming were not physical
and did not appear on transcendent plane. Moreover, t ...
1-Zainab Akram Assistant Professor,Department of English,Sardar Bahadur Khan Womens University, Pakistan.2-Faria Saeed Khan Professor, Department of English,University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Baluchistan, Pakistan. 3-Samreen Zaheer Lecturer,Department of English,NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Ex Post Analysis of Disaster Recovery (Earthquake — 2005) in the Red Zones Region of Balakot, Pakistan
The Balakot town and its surroundings were almost totally destroyed by Earthquake – 2005. The government has
abandoned this town for residential purposes and declared as Red Zones Region. However, the government fully
supported post disaster relief and restoration phases. The rehabilitation and reconstruction phases were carried out through community
self-help-based system and partially supported by line agencies. This recovery is neither claimed by government nor desired by the
community. It is the product of governments policy, interventions, local economic opportunities, and community self-help-based
system. The present study will analyse each step of the recovery through study of the role of different stakeholders and its impacts on
recovery process. All data sets are normalize ...
1-Amjad Ali Assistant Professor,Centre for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDPM),University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Sher Muhammad Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan3-Mushtaq Ahmad Jan Assistant Professor,Centre for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDPM),University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Earthquake – 2005, Red Zone Region, Disaster Recovery, Restoration, Rehabilitation, Reconstruction
Testing in English Language Teaching and its Significance in EFL Contexts: A Theoretical Perspective
This conceptual paper reviews literature on the most common practices of language tests in ELT contexts around the
world. The detailed discussion of various types of language tests is followed by its various aims and objectives which
are linked to the qualities or characteristics of different language tests. The review of the literature reveals that language tests and
its purposes vary from context to context and there is a wide range of practical constraints that test designers, test-takers, and test
administrators encounter. Particularly, in the Saudi EFL context, EFL teachers lack a voice in the process of language assessment and
there is a serious dearth of professional development training to raise EFL teachers awareness of language tests and develop their
assessment literacy. T ...
1-Sayyed Rashid Ali Assistant Professor, Faculty of Languages & Translation, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.2-Hussain Ahmad Lecturer,English Language Institute, King Abdul- Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.3-Arshad Ali Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics and Communication,Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Assessment, EFL context, ESL teachers, Student proficiency, Language tests.
A Survey of Teachers Motivational Level in Government Secondary Schools of District Mardan
The purpose of the study was to investigate the motivation of secondary school teachers in District Mardan. The
sample of 100 teachers from 20 secondary schools of boys and girls in District Mardan were randomly selected for
this study. For data collection self-developed, a questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire was consist of thirty-nine items.
Items were covered seven constructs of teachers motivation. The findings of the study showed that the motivational level of the teachers
was positive. Gender wise differences were found. The study should provide to maintain teachers motivation where the teachers
motivation is lacking. ...
1-Sheraz Khan PhD Scholar,Department of Education,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Farah Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Education and Research,Women University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Sadia Naz PhD Scholar, Department of Education, international Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Financial Managerial Skills of Head and Accelerated Secondary Schools Performance in District Sahiwal
Financial management is preparing, directing and managing the monetary activities of an institution and it has
become necessary for the educational managers to have good financial management skills. The objectives of the study
were; 1) To explore the heads financial managerial skills at secondary school level 2) To find out the effect of heads financial
managerial skills in accelerating secondary school performance. The study was descriptive in nature. All the heads of secondary schools
comprised the population in district Sahiwal. Researchers selected 110 headteachers from secondary schools through a simple random
sampling technique. A questionnaire was used as a research tool for the study and researchers visited the respondents personally and
the target of 100% data collection suc ...
1-Muhammad Asif Shahzad PhD Scholar,Department of Education, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Najam Ul Kashif Assistant Professor, Department of Education,the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Qasim Ali PhD Scholar,Department of Education, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Headteachers, Managerial skills, school performance
Effect of the Technology-Supported Learning on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students
A Posttest only Controlled Group Experiment research was used to explore the effect of teaching through the technology-supported environment on learners' performance. Students of Biology group Grade IX, (n = 177),
from public schools of Karachi, participated in the experimental research for 20 weeks in the year 2016-17. The technology supported learning was intervened in the experiment group whereas, a conventional teaching was intervened in the controlled group.
The annual examination's 2017 result was examined and scores of both experimental and controlled participants were compared by
the independent sample t-test. The data analysis showed a noteworthy variance in the scores of controlled and experiment batch.
The students studying in a technology-supported ...
1-Asma Afzal Senior Headmistress,Education and Social Sciences Department,Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan.2-Martin Thomas Head,Education and Social Sciences Department,Iqra University, Karachi Pakistan.
Technology-Supported Learning, Child as a Digital Explorer, Teacher as a Digital Immigrant, 21st Century Learning Skill
Topical Management: Agenda Setting Strategy in Pakistani Political Talk-Shows
This study analyzes the agenda-setting done by anchors using topical management in the interactional aspect of the institutional speech event; the Political News Interview (henceforth Political talk-show). In the current scenario of 24/7 news, audiences turn to political talk-shows to understand the events of the day and judge the news. The discussion on topics in the political talk-shows is managed and developed by the anchor. This study carries out a discourse analysis of the recorded talk-shows for topical shifts and perspectival shifts to check if the topic is set and controlled by the anchor, by not allowing participants to bring any information to the discussion. The qualitative analysis of topical shifts reveals that the anchor keeps tight control over the topic set in the openings ...
1-Saira Asghar khan Lecturer,Department of English,Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Saima Amin Qadir Professor,Department of English,Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Discourse Analysis, Discourse Access Profile, Topical management, Agenda Setting, Pakistani Political talk-shows, Topical shifts, Recycling of Topics
Pakistani Identity and Kamila Shamsies Novels: An Analysis in Stylistics (Thematic Parallelism)
This paper explored thematic parallelism in Kamila five of Shamsies novels i.e. Salt and Saffron,
Cartography, Broken Verses, Burnt Shadows, and Home Fire. The paper identify here conflicts,
depressions, identity fluctuations and a relentless machination of transformations by the powerful and resisting quarters
of the region. The repetitive rule of military in Pakistan, the negative fallouts of engagement in Afghanistans resistance
against the Soviets, the alienation of Muhajirs, the national and international catastrophe of 9/11 emerge as the
strings that reflect the dilemma of the nomadism of modern times. The tyranny of destructive forces is amply reflected
in the parallel desolation of places, characters and cultures. Karachi in its violence is parallel to Tokyo and New York.
1-Irfan Ullah Assistant Professor, Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Liaqat Iqbal Assistant Professor,Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 3-Ayaz Ahmad Lecturer, Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Demystifying the Myth of Genderlect through Intertextuality in Global Media Discourse
This article outlines a gender-based analysis at the connection of critical discourse analysis and
intertextuality, with the aim of providing a rich analyses of the multifaceted mechanisms of power and
ideology in discourse in supporting hierarchically gendered social orders. The focus of this research is to identify how
gender is socially constructed through linguistic choices (especially intertextuality) and discursive practices in media
discourse and how these discursive practices in media discourse contribute to create a feminist perspective. The present
article has collected 60 talk shows, panel discussions and interviews from 5 global news channels. A corpus is built and
a linguistic analysis is conducted where Faircloughs Intertextuality is used as research Methodology. Moreov ...
1-Aisha Rauf Language Instructor/Assessor, Department of English, North American ESL, Service, Edmonton, Canada. 2-Shumaila Mazhar Assistant Professor,Department of English,SBK Women’s University, Quetta, Balochishta.3-Shabana Akhtar Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, SBK Women’s University, Quetta, Balochishta.
Chaotic Libyan Arab Spring: A comparison with Egypt
Libyan spring occurred due to many reasons which were quite similar in nature with that of the spring struck
neighboring countries. Qaddafis family and tribe wealth increased many folds. Human rights abuses were normal
patterns. However, Libyan spring didnt end as it did in the neighboring countries. Due to Qaddafis deposition, the power vacuum
resulted. This was because of the abhorring of Institutions by Qaddafi himself. The tribal division also resulted in achaotic situation.
Large reserves of oil in Libya are also one of the reasons for the never-ending civil strife. Due to high revenue, every group wants to
establish hold over the reserves. Libyas rivalry with Israel is also accredited as one of the rationales behind Libyas anarchic situation.
Neighboring countries are also play ...
Expounding the Structure of Slyer Ways of Tunneling in Pakistan
This study is aimed to expound the structure of slyer ways of tunneling in Pakistan. It also analyzes
relationships among these factors. Design of study encompasses on review of contemporary literature, survey
for collection of data, analysis, and modeling. Review of literature is used to prepare a list of ways of tunneling, ISM is affianced for
modeling contextual relationships, and MICMAC for classification of factors. The results of the literature show that there are sixteen
slyer ways of tunneling. The result of ISM reveals that there is an underlying structure having three levels. The third level is occupied
by “purchasing un-necessary items” and “exchanging the assets at relatively lesser value” hence are the most critical factors. Findings of
MICMAC affirm the result o ...
1-Abdul Aziz Khan Niazi Assistant Professor, Institute of Business and Management, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Tehmina Fiaz Qazi Assistant Professor,Institute of Business and Management,University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Abdul Basit Academics Head,Business Administration, Lahore Institute of Science and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Correlation of Test Anxiety and Working Memory: A Survey Study of Secondary School Students
This study was conducted to find a connection between test anxiety and working memory. All the
students of secondary schools of Punjab were taken as population. A total of 504 students were drawn as
a sample through stratified random sampling among which 252 were boys and 252 were girls. For data collection; two
tests for working memory and a Likert scale for test anxiety were used. It is concluded from the results that there is a
significant negative connection exist among test anxiety and working memory. The direction of relation indicates that
if test anxiety amplifies it will lower the working memory and vice versa. Based on the findings the study proposed
subsequent recommendations: 1) the prevailing system of common education may be more dynamic, motivating and
1-Samina Shahab PhD Scholar, Department of Education,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Samina Malik Dean, Department of Education,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan. 3-Shamsa Aziz Head,Department of Education,International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Working Memory, Corsi-block Tapping Test, Central Executive
Breaking Through the Glass Ceiling: Leadership Practices of Women Leaders in Higher Education
The study aimed to investigate the proficiency of women academic leaders in public universities, Pakistan. The
transformational leadership approach was used to conduct this study. A semi-structured interview protocol was
developed to collect data. A convenient sampling technique was applied to collect data from twenty women leaders from the three public
universities of Punjab. The interview questions were based on the six-dimensions of transformational leadership. The deductive method
was applied to reach conclusions. The results identified that women academic leaders were not that proficient in their transformational
leadership practices since four out of six TL-dimensions emerged crucial in all the three public universities. ...
1-Asia Zulfqar Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Syed Nasir Hussain Lecturer,Department of Early Childhood Education and Elementary Teacher Education, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Shehzad Ahmed Assistant Professor,Department of Education,University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.
Transformational Leadership; Women Leaders; Public Universities; Leadership Practices.
Role of Radio Pakistan in Advancing Socio-Economic Development of Rural Areas
This doctoral study examines the role of Radio Pakistan in influencing socio-economic development in Central Punjab
through its radio stations situated in Lahore, Faisalabad, and Sargodha by analyzing the policy, content and the format
of the programs related to socio-economic development focusing on the social indicators of religion, healthcare, education, culture, and
politics as well as economic indicators of agriculture, trade & business, small & medium enterprise, infrastructure, and China Pakistan
Economic Corridor during 2008-2013. The research design of this study included the qualitative approach of research. Survey method
from radio listeners of Radio Pakistan Lahore, Faisalabad and Sargodha. Although a lot of appreciable work has done by the radio which
is the biggest sour ...
1-Anila Saleem Deputy Controller,Department of Radio Pakistan,Beaconhouse National University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Wajiha Raza Rizvi Associate Professor, School of Media and Mass Communication,Beacon House National University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Maria Saleem Freelancer, Department of The Business School,University of Central Punjab, Pakistan.
Children, Gender and Television: An Analysis of Heavy Viewers Behaviour Regarding Gender-specific Roles and Characteristics
Media is an important force that endeavours to shape the impressionable minds of children. Cartoon animation
programmes have a great influence on the behaviour of children as they prefer to watch cartoon programmes rather
than doing any other physical activity. In this context, the current research seeks to explore the behaviour of heavy viewers regarding
gender-specific roles and characteristics. The researcher has employed survey method to collect the data and 1528 respondents in the
age group 8-13 years have been selected for this research. The findings of study suggest that heavy viewers of cartoon programmes
have a more stereotypical approach regarding gender-specific roles and characteristics. They more significantly assign the roles of
doing household chores, nurturing childre ...
1-Beenish Zaheen Lecturer,Department of Mass Communication, The Women University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Ashraf Khan Professor,Department of Communication Studies,Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Television, Cartoon Programmes, Gender-specific Behaviour, Heavy Viewers, Survey
Development of a Teacher Evaluation Model for Private Schools of Punjab Province
This research discusses the inquiry of measuring teacher effectiveness at private sector schools. Explicitly, it explores
how teachers performance evaluation can both reflect as well as predict teachers success, hence the study informs
about teachers personnel decisions, their instructional enhancement, and professional development. This includes mentoring,
training, and self-guided learning. The current study is premeditated using a mix-method with qual-quan order. It is an exploratory
study based on a critical paradigm to evaluate the current IB teacher evaluation process and outputs and develop an indigenous
model for corrective measures to improve the existing evaluation system. It explores the objectives, procedures, and consequences of
teacher assessment policies and practices. ...
1-Mariam Hussain Subject Leader,English Language and Literature,Lahore Grammar School International, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Afifa Khanam Assistant Professor,Institute of Education, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Uzma Qureshi Professor,Institute of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
IB Teachers, Teacher Evaluation, Grow Model, Professional Development.
Political Trust and Efficacy among Educated Youth in Pakistan
Political trust and efficacy are very popular among academics to foresee the legitimacy and the constancy of any
political regime. The present research was endeavored to see political trust and efficacy among university students
in Pakistan. A sample of 381 students was drawn from two public sector universities of the Islamabad city. The research included all
the popular constructs of political trust including trust in army keeping in view its role in politics. The efficacy comprised its two
components – the internal and external. Results indicate the positive, significant inter-correlations among most of the constructs of
study variables except trust in the legal system and external efficacy. The results denote the significant level of trust and effectiveness
of educated youth how ...
1-Akhlaq Ahmad Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Farhan Navid Yousaf Associate Professor,Institute of Social & Cultural Studies,University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Mazhar Iqbal Bhatti Assistant Professor,Department of Psychology,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Political Trust, Efficacy, Political Populism, Educated Youth, Pakistan
Stem Education: Social, Cultural, and Economic Barriers Faced by Women of Khairpur (Pakistan)
This research finds barriers/challenges/issues which stop women of Khairpur, Sindh not to get themselves enrolled
in institutions providing STEM education and ultimately the job opportunities, resultantly that not only affects the
economic condition of their families but also that of the country. The universe of this study was the young female students, parents
of the students and ladies working in different organizations of Sind province who were also interviewed about the low enrollment
of female students in schools. The findings of this study revealed that female have the requisite aptitude for STEM education but
social, cultural and conservative ideology of parents/heads of the families created hindrances in the progress of young enthusiastic
girls who wish or have the potential ...
1-Muhammad Ali Shaikh Professor,Department of Media and Communication Studies, Sindh Madressatul Islam University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. 2-Zahid Hussain Sahito Assistant Professor,Department of Teacher Education,Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Mahboob Ali Dehraj Assistant Professor,Department of Education,Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sindh, Pakistan.
China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) appears as a major Prosperity Tool which can help Pakistan to
overcome her economic problems. CPEC has been researched up till now in various trade and commerce fields but
its most important linkage with education was hardto find. This study examines “The Educational Scope of CPEC in Pakistan”. The
study broadens our horizon regarding the fields of education which are required in CPEC. It is a case study in the qualitative
paradigm to explore the views of philanthropic elites, teachers, and students using interviews and documents. It reveals the
employment opportunities, concept of SEZs, and availability of manpower for these SEZs along with the future of Pakistans
education. It is through this education that all educational institutes will ...
1-Anita Bilal PhD Scholar,Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Akhtar Ali Dean, Faculty of Education,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Ahmed Bilal Burki Lieutenant Colonel (Retd) Pakistan Army,Department of Social Science,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
CPEC, Education and Human Resource Development, Education in Pakistan, Educational Scope in CPEC, Education and Economic Growth, Importance of Education, Special Economic Zones (SEZs)
Framing of Panama Leaks: A Content Analysis of Pakistani and Western Press
This study investigated the emergence of different factors in the framing of Panama leaks by gathering data along
with five thematic frames of financial, morality, blame-game, political victimization, and accountability. Altogether
930 news stories were content analyzed to investigate how the issue of Panama leaks was framed in the media since its inception in April
2016. Furthermore, 22 framing items were selected to measure these frames and a principal component analysis resulted in generating
a factor solution by clustering of these framing items into eight distinguishable factors of political-econo, governance, justificationssolutions, socio-political responsibility, implications, apathy, responsiveness, and economic instability. This study revealed differences
in the use of these ...
1-Samira Saleem PhD Scholar, Department of Mass Communication,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Syed Abdul Siraj Professor,Head Media Studies, Department of Media Studies, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Factors, Governance, Pakistani, Panama Leaks, Political-economy, Western Press
Countering Extremism Through Sufi Practices in Sindh
This article is an analysis of Sufism and Sufi practices performed at Sufi shrines of Sindh. Moreover, the ways to
counter the growing menace of extremism through Sufi practices is discussed in this paper. The approach adopted
is from traditional to modern, in understanding the importance of Sufism. Sindh is considered the land of Sufis but unfortunately,
it is badly affected by extremism. Although there is a huge number of Sufi shrines in Sindh, the data has been collected and analyzed
from the shrines of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, Usman Marwandi (Lal Shahbaz Qalander) and Sachal Sarmast, particularly at Urs
celebrations. The important Sufi practices include Sufi music, Sufi poetry, Lunger, Urs celebrations etc. The participants in Urs
celebrations belong to a variety of groups from ...
1-Bakhtiar Ahmed PhD Scholar,Department of Pakistan Studies,Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mirs, Sindh, Pakistan. 2-Amir Ali Chandio Professor, Department of Political ScienceShah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mirs, Sindh, Pakistan.
Sufism, Sufi Practices, Extremism, Countering, Sindh.
Benefiting Science Students with Synectics: An SR Approach
Students understanding of science education in Pakistan is not up to the standard level. The main aim of the
study is to see either comprehension level is raised through Synectics among high school students. A systematic
review of related literature and Meta-analysis has been done. Literature leads to conclusion that there is a need to study the utility of
Synectics model. Findings show that Synectics is more effective than routine methods in teaching. Synectics help in the development of
creativity, training in creativity, and scholastic achievement. It is recommended that teachers and students must be familiar with
Synectics and also implement this technique into teacher training institutes for quality education. ...
1-Muhammad Samiullah Assistant Professor,Department of Science Education,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Aftab Ahmad Lecturer (Faculty of Education), Department of Science Education,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Gulzar Ahmed Assistant Professor,Department of Teacher Education,Sheikh Ayaz University of Shikarpur, Sindh, Pakistan.
Synectics, Meta-analysis, teacher training institutes, quality education.
Knowledge Sharing Accelerates Success of Complex Projects: An Evidence from Pakistan
We studies project complexity, knowledge sharing behavior, and project on project success in the context of project
organizations in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The data were collected from 326 employees working on multiple
projects using reliable measures. Project complexity showed negative association with project success. Knowledge sharing pointed out
a negative relationship with project complexity and a positive relationship with project success. Regression showed a positive
contribution of project complexity and a positive role of knowledge sharing behaviour towards project success. We observed a positive
interactive effect of knowledge sharing behaviour and project complexity on project success. Results indicate that complex projects
are more likely to fail if knowledge sharing b ...
1-Muryum Jamil Student,Faculty of Management Science,Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Farooq Ahmad Visiting Faculty,Faculty of Management Science,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Shahida Mariam Librarian,Business & Commerce,Government Institute of Commerce, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Determination of Competence, Training, and Character of Loyalty Through Personnel Professionalism as Intervening Variables in Guskamla Batam-Indonesia
Guskamla Batam personnel always improve Personnel Professionalism and its quality, both directly and indirectly,
but some problems exist, and solutions must be sought. This study used a saturated sample taken from the Census
Technique using proportional random sampling, namely personnel in the Guskamla Batam organizational units. The five staff
consisting of 120 personnel, were made into the population, the sample in this study. Data analysis techniques in this study using
AMOS. There are two stages to the group in analyzing SEM: (1) Measurement Model Analysis (Outer Model), (2) Structural Model
Analysis (Inner Model). For Loyalty (LOY) R2 = 0, 789 then the amount of Determination 78.9%. Thus, it can be stated that
Loyalty changes are influenced by Competence, Training, Character, an ...
1-Eko Agus Susanto Department of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia.2-Chablullah Wibisono Department of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia.3-Indrayani Department of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia.
Determination of Competence, Training, and Character of Loyalty Through Personnel Professionalism
Students' Cognitive Development in Colleges: A Comparative Study of Private and Public Sectors
Cognition denotes the process of thinking and memory and cognition development is said to be the long-term changes in these procedures. Cognitive development is a major aspect of students' personality. The aims of the study were (1) To compare the perception of male and female students about cognitive development in private and public sector colleges. (2) To investigate which sector is more efficient in doing the cognitive development of students at the intermediate level. The descriptive method was used in this study with survey design on the population of all public and private colleges of Punjab Province. 628 students out of 720 students participated in the research. To check the reliability of research tools, Pilot testing was also conducted. Instruments of students and administrators ...
1-Sonia Rafique Principal, Department of Education, Punjab College for Woman Pattoki, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ifitkhar Ahmad Baig Professor, Department of Education, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Ashiq Hussain Director, Department of Director Student Counseling Center, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Personality development, Cognitive Development, Private Sector Public Sector
Listening to the Customers: How Quality Function Deployment (QFD) Addresses the Expectations of People in Various Fields Especially in Education
Quality Function Deployment is a versatile methodology, which systematically helps, enhancing the quality of
products, services, etc., by incorporating the wishes and needs of the customers. It can be applied in almost every
field of life, including transport system, library management system, online admission system, examination system, engineering,
agricultural, software, and so on. The rationale of this article is to express the versatility of QFD. This broader objective is achieved
by describing what QFD is; and how it works. Relevant literature indicates its application integrated with other methodologies.
Special focus of this article is how QFD be used to improve various sections of education in Pakistan. The familiarity with QFD will
motivate educational practitioners, resear ...
1-Lubna Shoukat Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Zafar Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Waheed Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Collateral Damage and Radicalization Process: A Case of American Drone Strikes Policy in FATA, Pakistan
This research is about the drone strikes conducted by the U.S. government in the FATA region of Pakistan from
Afghanistan. Though FATA is not a declared war zone, the U.S. still continues to carry out drone attack there for
a comparative number advantage of drone technology. This war tactic has been very effective in targeting some high-profile terrorists;
it is not without side effects. There is a consensus of opinion that drones have killed numerous civilians in the process of targeting the
terrorists. This research tries to develop an understanding of how collateral damage may work to the advantage of non-state actors
and terrorist organizations and how it helps fuel the process of radicalization in the aggrieved community. Data is collected through
secondary sources. It is a sour ...
1-Ayaz Ali Shah Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Tila Mohammad M.Phil Scholar, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Saleem Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Issues in the Implementation of E-Governance in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP)
The provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has taken a number of steps in order to develop and establish the concept of E-governance in different departments of the province. There are, however, certain hurdles, such as missing the rudimentary ICT (information and communication technology) substructure and setups. To properly utilize the ICT for the sack of E-governance, it is important to know the use of the different types of technologies. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, IT literacy and knowledge are extremely poor, while financial constraints is another hurdle. However, the newly introduced reforms in E-governance have put various departments on the right track, as obvious from the Identity Verification system, the vehicle verification system and the online FIR system. This paper will ...
1-Afzaal Amin MPhil Scholar, Department of Political Science, AWKUM, Mardan, Pakistan. 2-Shaukat Lecturer, Department of Political Science, AWKUM, Mardan, Pakistan. 3-Muhammad Hayat Khan Mphil in Peace and Conflict Studies University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
E-Governance, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Literacy
Enigma of Medium of Instruction and Cognitive Academic Proficiency of the Learners
The role of language in education in Pakistan has been a source of contention among educationalists, researchers,
and intellectuals. The educational policymakers were unable to decide the proper function of any language in
education. As a result, English and Urdu medium of instruction policies in Pakistan have often been tossed out. The current research
is the outcome of two sources of inspiration. The first source of inspiration was a federal policy enacted in 2003 regarding the
medium of instruction, which mandated that science subjects in government schools be taught in English beginning in grade six. The
findings of the study show that the academic capacity of the students is not impeded even if they have local language literacy. The
findings reconcile with Cummin's CALP notion, ...
1-Nazakat Lecturer, Department of English, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Imran Assistant Professor, Department of English, Government College Havelian KP, Pakistan.3-Adil Khan Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, Hazara University, Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Language, Medium of Instruction, Education, Academic Achievement
A Study of English Language Syntactical Errors Committed by Pakistani Higher Secondary Science Students
This study aimed to identify syntactical errors, find out the frequency of these errors and identify the causes of
these syntactical errors in the writing of intermediate science students. Data was collected in the form of 12 written
samples from intermediate students from two public sector colleges. The findings revealed that the most frequently committed error
was punctuation error. On the other hand, the lowest committed errors were run-on sentences, object missing, and fragments errors.
It was also found that the students committed a total of 232 errors. The syntactical errors identified in the corpus were: subject-verb
agreement errors, word form errors, word order errors, object missing, run-on sentences, orthographic errors, fragments, punctuation
errors, article errors, prepo ...
1-Ambreen Sattar MS Scholar, TESOL Department, Lahore College for Women University, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Fareeha Javed Lecturer, Department of English, Lahore College for Women University, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sana Baig Lecturer, Department of TESOL, Lahore College for Women University, Pnujab, Pakistan.
English Language, Syntactical Errors, Pakistan, Science, Students, Education
Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy and the Influence of English Literature
While Tolstoy is regarded as the greatest writer of global literature and his work being
translated into all major languages of the world, his literary relationship with the literature
in the English language is largely ignored. The paper explores the influence of the Anglophone scholars
and literary figures on the formation of Tolstoy as a great pillar of literature. The paper explores the
influence of English and American writers by detailing the contents of his personal library, publications
and diary entries. H.D. Thoreau, R.W. Emerson, Longfellow, Mark Twain, Walt Whitman, Laurence
Stern, Ernest Miller Hemingway, William Shakespeare, and George Bernard Shaw. His moral rectitude,
his love for realism and his humanism find a close connection with the mentioned writers, and the pa ...
1-Amara Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Zainab Akram Assistant Professor, Department of English, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women University, Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan3-Irfan Ullah Assistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Leo Tolstoy, American Literature, British Literature, Realism, Fiction, Russian Literature