Pakhtun Identity versus Militancy in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA: Exploring the Gap between Culture of Peace and ilitancy
The Pakhtun culture had been flourishing between 484 - 425 BC, in the era of
Herodotus and Alexander the Great. Herodotus, the Greek historian, for
the first time, used the word Pactyans, for people who were living in parts of
Persian Satrapy, Arachosia between 1000 - 1 BC. The hymns’ collection from
an ancient Indian Sanskrit Ved used the word Pakthas for a tribe, who were
inhabitants of e ...
1-Hikmat Shah Afridi Ph.D scholar, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Manzoor Khan Afridi Assistant Professor,Department of Politics and IR, Islamic International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Umair Jalal Junior Research Fellow, Humanity Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Conflict Resolution: Editorialization of Government- Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan Dialogue
Every newspaper publishes an editorial every day to state their official opinion
on the most important of issues. Among public and official policymakers,
editorials are taken seriously. This study undertook Pakistan’s two leading
newspapers’ editorials – Dawn and The Nation - on the peace talks between the
Pakistan government and the Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). The editorials
1-Hassan Shehzad Lecturer, Media and Communication Studies, Islamic International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Ahsan Raza Senior journalists, s, Dawn Newspaper, Pakistan.3-Zubair Shafi Ghauri PhD Candidate,Department of History,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan has been following the prison system of the British Empire. The
Pakistani prison system has gone through many changes. Efforts have been
made to bring the prison system in Pakistan in conformity with the modern
prison system. The restoration of democracy in Pakistan has paved the way for
further reforms in the prison system. Many suggestions have been forwarded to
the authorities and ...
1-Zahid Anwar Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-S. Zubair Shah Ph.D. Scholar,Department of Political Science,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Displacement from FATA Pakistan (2009-2016): Issues and Challenges
Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) of Pakistan is one of the most
neglected regions in the world as far as development is concerned. It has been
the hub of all sorts of illegal activities including militancy and export of
terrorism. Thus, it became inevitable for the government of Pakistan to act
against militants through military operations. Over the years, hundreds of
thousands of pe ...
1-Sohail Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Sadia Sohail MS Scholar,Department of International Relations,COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, , National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.
Pakistan's Foreign Policy: Initial Perspectives and Stages
Pakistan is a state like other states of the world. When it came out from the
British net the initial stages were very tough for it. It was considered that it will
rejoin India. But the administration of that time took sincere initiatives to
manage the affairs gradually. Cold war started at that time between the
Communist and Capitalist blocks. Newly established states joined one of them.
1-Muhammad Muzaffar Ph. D ScholarDepartment of Political Science,International Islamic University Islamabad.2-Zahid Yaseen Lecturer,Department of Political Science,Govt. Post Graduate College, Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Uroosa Ishfaq Junior Research Fellow,Humanity Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
With the idea of ‘change’ in exiting social system of Pakistan mainly by
eradicating corruption, Pakistani Tehrik-e-Insaf emerged in 1996, under the
leadership of renowned cricket player Imran Khan. He pledged to promote
justice and the establishment of a welfare state. However, the party could hardly
attain electoral success until 2012 when it reached on national political peaks.
1-Muhammad Rizwan Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, Havelian, KP, Pakistan.2-Manzoor Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Bilal Assistant Registrar, Women University, Swabi, KP, Pakistan.
PTI, Political culture, Democracy, Intra party Elections
Elementary Education and Language Teachers' Professional Development Needs: The Context of Pakistan
Teachers professional development is central to meet the ever-growing
challenges at the elementary school level. In this article we describe the
development and use of Teachers Development Scale at the elementary school
level in Pakistan. An exploratory factor analysis (n=274) showed two basic
dimensions of teachers professional development: community development,
and individual development. ...
1-Fasih Ahmed HOD, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Sana Hussan Lecturer,Department of English, Women University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Safiullah Research Assistant, Humanity Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Professional Development, Language Teachers, Elementary Education
Independent Judiciary and NationBuilding: A Case Study of Pakistan
Independent judiciary is the foundation of a fair and impartial and
constitutionally balanced society. Independence means that judges can freely
make lawful decisions whether involving influential politicians, governmental
personals or ordinary citizens. Thus, ensuring decisions are based on
constitution rather than is the result of political pressures or is favoring some
majority. Endowed wi ...
1-Sadaf Farooq Assistant Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations,International Islamic University, Islamabad.2-Abida Rafique PhD Scholar, Department of Politics and International Relations, International Islamic University, Islamabad.3-Ghulam Qumber Deputy Director,ISSRA,National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Independence, Accountability, Democracy, Media, Power
Employee Engagement and High Performance Work System: An Empirical Study
In the competitive working environment, organizations and researchers have
focused their attention to highlight means and ways to gain more advantage on
less resource consumption; hence more focus is paid on channelizing Human
Resource Practices to gain maximum return on Investment. The data is collected
from the banking sector of Pakistan from a sample of 400 employees. The theme
is to analy ...
Community Development Perspective in the Local Government System of District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The present research study analyzed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Local
Government Act, 2013 and find out the role of elected leaders in community
development. The quantitative research design is used and sample is selected
through simple random sampling technique. The researchers interview 300
respondents from district Mardan. The statistical results show that elected
leaders are performing their e ...
1-Hussain Ali Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Syed Ali Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Pakistan Studies,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Ahmad Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Local Government, Community, Development, Leaders, Citizens
Traditional and Modern Education in Bukhara (1860s-1917): The Policy Juncture
This paper explores the nature of conflict that unfolded between the supporters
of traditionalist and modernist education in Tsarist Central Asia. The paper
explores the viewpoint of each camp and explores the causes of such approach.
The paper finds that the conflict or divergence was driven by the desire to ensure
the protection of political and economic interests each camp cherished. While
1-Ayaz Ahmad Lecturer,Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Sana Hussan Lecturer,Department of English,Women University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Assistant Professor,Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.
Bukhara, Central Asian Education, Islamic education
Investigating the Role of Beliefs and Professional Values in HR Management
Human Resource Management has been accentuated as a theme for research in
various organizations and institutions and sufficient literature has been
introduced on this subject since 1980s in the developed world (Harley and
Hardy 2004). This aspect did not attract attention in developing / underdeveloped countries like Pakistan. Presence of literature regarding HRM at the
workplace and ideologic ...
1-Muhamamd Zia-ur Rehman Assistant Professor, Department of Leadership and Management Studies, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Riasat Ali Khan Research scholar, Department of Leadership and Management Studies,National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Noor Hassan Lecturer,Department of Management Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Implications of Pak-Afghan Transit Trade for Regional Security
Pak-Afghan relations have almost remained far from being normal and under
the grip of allegations and counter allegation due to several bilateral political
issues. However, trade relations have remained unrestrained from several
decades. Afghanistan as a landlocked state always relied on Pakistani ports for
its trade requirements with the rest of the world. Despite ups and downs in the
1-Huma Qayum PhD Scholar,Department of Political Science and IR,International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI), Pakistan.2-Syed Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Zubaria Andlib Ph.D Scholar,School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Potential for Community Based Ecotourism (CBE) along Balochistan Coast, Pakistan
The term CBE is not only an ethic based approach to tourism but to make it sure
the community engages actively and enjoys the accruing profits of tourism
activities. Following the SFA Framework (Suitability, Feasibility, and
Acceptability), this study critically reviewed tourism resources in ecologically
sensitive coastal areas of Balochistan for assessing their potential for
establishment of ...
1-Zia Ullah Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Tourism & Hospitality, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Jehangir Assistant Professor, Institute of Business & Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan3-Javed Iqbal Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP,
Garbage Collection and Rag Picking: An Issue of Child Labor in Rawalpindi (An Anthropological Approach)
The nature of this study was qualitative and covers the children collecting the
Garbage and Rag picking in Rawalpindi city. In the study, Afghan scavengers
were selected for qualitative analyses. The family backgrounds of these
scavengers and the demographic factors were also analyzed. Most of the
qualitative methods including key informant interviews, visit and stay in the
area, In-depth int ...
1-Syed Imran Haider Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Ali PhD,Goethe University,Frankfurt Main, Germany.3-Muhammad Bilal Lecturer,Department of Sociology,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
The US presidential elections are over and to the astonishment of media, surveys
and polls; Donald Trump won a stunning victory over his democratic rival
Hillary by 289 electoral votes. The election results were surprising and may not
be digested by many Americans for long time and especially for the Democrats.
The stunning victory of Trump does not seem so dramatic if the past elections
1-Manzoor Ahmad Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Rizwan Assistant Professor,Department of Pakistan Studies,Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, Abbottabad, KP, Pakistan.3-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Presidential Elections, Voting Patterns, Primaries, white Population, Millennial Vote
United States Fundamental Interests in Chile and Cuba: A Historical Study
US hegemony as the result of its interventions in Cuba and Chile is a historical
reality. The United States used to be scared that imposition of Communism had
minimized the Americans dominance over there under the policy of
nationalization. Although, the United States had tried his luck in Cuba twice, in
decades of 1960's, to vanish communism dangerous roots, but unfortunately
faced defeat. A ...
1-Abdul Zahoor Khan Assistant Professor,Department of History & Pakistan Studies,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Nargis Zaman MPhil Scholar, Department of Political Science,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
United States, Latin America, Caribbean, Communism, Capitalism, Cold-War
Teaching of Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone in the Light of Barthes Narrative Codes at BS English Level
J. K. Rowling has written seven novels in the Harry Potter series. This fiction
series has also inspired the educationists and academicians and it has been
introduced in different western colleges as part of their syllabi. Warner
Brothers made the films based on all the novels of Harry Potter series. Harry
Potter World, the studio where these movies were made, is a tourist spot in
London and ...
1-Ameer Sultan PhD Scholar,Department of English,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Rashida Imran Lecturer, Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Saira Maqbool Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Harry Potter, Philosopher’s Stone, Barthes’s Narrative, Codes
Exploring the Attitudes of Undergraduate Students towards Plagiarism in Public and Private Institutions
The purpose of the study is to explore the attitude of undergraduate students
towards plagiarism from both public and private higher educational
institutions. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect the data through
adopted questionnaire which comprised of three subscales; positive attitude,
negative attitude and subjective norms towards plagiarism. Data was collected
from 309 students o ...
1-Shahzada Qaisar Assistant Professor, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Sumaira Rashid Assistant Professor, Department of Education, F.C. College, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Aashiq Hussain Dogar Associate Professor, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Islamization in Pakistan: A Critical Analysis of Zias Regime
Pakistan was made on the Islamic ideology, it was made to secure the political
and religious rights of the Muslims. It was clearly illustrated in the Objectives
Resolution that no law shall be made repugnant to Quran and Sunnah. The
Islamic Provision of pre 1973 constitution provided base for Islamization. With
the passage of time institutions like Council of Islamic Ideology and Federal
1-Ali Shan Shah Lecturer,Department of Political Science & IR,GC University Faisalabad, Punjab,
Pakistan.2-Muhammad Waris Assistant Professor, Government College Bhalwal, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Abdul Basit Lecturer,Department of Political Science & IR, GC University Faisalabad, Punjab,
Islamization, Zia regime, Political engineering, institionalization, Radicalization
Institutional Determinants of Firm Performance: Evidence from Pakistan
Owner structure (OS) is an imperative feature of a firm and firm performance
(FP). Recent studies have debated the effect of OS and FP around the world.
Studies argue that OS is one of the important factors of decision making since
principals expect wealth maximization while agents try to increase their
personal gains. However, investor protection (IP) adds to the decision making
with regards ...
Comparing Perceptions of Public versus Government School Teachers towards Job Satisfaction at District Malakand
Many studies have been carried out on the job satisfaction of employees at
various organizational levels all over the world. However, little is known
about the government versus private schools in district Malakand Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. This study compares the perceptions of private versus
government school teachers job satisfaction related to its six component
i.e, pay and promotion, job secur ...
1-Asghar Ali Assistant Professor,Department of Education,University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir (L), Pakistan.2-Iqbal Ahmad Lecturer,Department of Education,University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir (L), Pakistan.3-M. Anees-ul-Husnain Shah Assistant Professor, University of Education,D.G Khan Campus, Punjab,Pakistan.
Job Satisfaction, Private and Public Schools comparison