Analysis of the Relationship Between Teacher Training Workshop and Assessment Skills of Teachers Teaching at Federal Government Educational Institutions at Kharian Region
The prime objective of the study was to explore the relationship between teacher training workshops and assessment skills of teachers teaching at federal government educational institutions in Kharian region. It was descriptive research with the nature of the survey design. Five points Likert scale instrument was developed by the researcher himself. Data was personally retrieved from participants of the teacher training workshop. There were two research objectives, 1. Explore the extent of the relationship of a teacher training workshop with assessment skills FGEIs’ teachers teaching at Kharian Region. To find out the nature of teacher training workshop and assessment skills of FGEIs’ teacher teaching at Kharian Region. Data was analyzed through SPSS with descriptive as well as inferen ...
Analysis of Audiences' uses and Gratifications in the Selected Pakistani Urdu Films
This exploratory study unfolds Socio-psychological problems, and their impacts on youth through post-2000. Four Pakistani selected Urdu films as Shoaib Mansoor's Bol (2011), Jilani’s Chambaili(2013), Khuda Kay Liye (2007), and Bilal Lashari’s Waar (2013). The study locates these films in their broader frame of socio-psychological dynamics to grapple with the production of gender relations along with the articulation of identity. Furthermore, the study vigorously tends to disclose consumption effects and influences of identity, entertainment, socialization, surveillance, and cinematic techniques observed in the films by Pakistani youth in fulfilling their desires of gratification. This study uses quantitative research methods by applying a Cross-sectional survey approach. The convenient ...
1-Qaisar Khan Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Arts and Media Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sher Akbar Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Javeria Zafar Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Rejection of Plaint in the Light of Precedents of Superior Courts of Pakistan
This article delineates the dismissal of the plaint under Rule 11 Order VII, Civil Code Procedure (1908) as applied by the Superior Courts of Pakistan. The different general standards, for example, the inclination of the rightness of plaint. The valuation of the suits for court charge and locale,the obligation of the Court staff qua valuation, and prudence of the court to expand fixed time combined with various auxiliary viewpoints have likewise been examined. The most significant and summoned ground for dismissal of plaint-'banned by law' has been explained with representations zeroing in on the undertone of law and recognizing dismissal of the plaint and excusal of the suit. From there on, the outcomes of the dismissal of plaint and cures there against have additionally been brought gett ...
1-Usman Asghar Ph.D Law Candidate,TIMES Institute Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Shaukat Hussain Bhatti Assistant Professor-Law, TIMES Institute Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sheikh Muhammad Adnan Assistant Professor-Law, TIMES Institute Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.
Valuation of the suit, Dismissal of the plaint, Point of reference
Building Hope and Optimism Through Language: A Sociocultural Perspective
This research highlights the use of social proverbs as cultural signs in society that help in building hope and optimism expressed through language. Proverbs related to society represent social life, including life perspectives, experiences, and standards of behavior, and the purpose of this research paper is to build a relation of social proverbs as the language of hope to culture. For the present research, Bakhtinian semiotic theory is used as a theoretical framework opted from Voloshinov’s essay Marxism and the philosophy of language (1986), which deals with speech utterances and ideological signs that functions like language in society. In the Bakhtin Circle, ideology is defined as the entirety of social and natural truth refraction and reflection in the cognitive system, which is hi ...
1-Urwah Tul Wusqua Khalid Research Scholar, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan2-Tazanfal Tehseem Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan3-Noman Khalid Research Scholar, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
Foreign Direct Investment in Telecommunications Sector of Pakistan: A Determinative Approach
Foreign direct investment and telecommunications development are essential for the economic development of a country. Pakistan, although being an underdeveloped country, has managed to excel in the telecommunications sector by manifold since 2001. An increasing number of telephony and cellular subscribers along with the broadband and 3G/4G users, have created an enchanting market for foreign investors. The purpose of this study is to explain the casual relationship between foreign direct investment and economic factors that attract FDI in Pakistan. Among the many economic factors here is telecom infrastructure, market size and trade openness, whereas FDI is taken as the dependent variable. A time series analysis is carried out to determine the growth trend while an ordinary least square te ...
1-Babar Ali Ph.D Scholar of Management Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.2-Nagina Gul Assistant Professor of Management Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.3-Saba Aziz Ph.D Scholar of Management Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering and Management Sciences (BUITEMS) Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan.
Foreign Direct Investment, Telecommunications Sector, Determinative Approach
Impact of Instagram on Psychological Well-being and Body Image of Female University Students
This research study aimed to understand the impact of Instagram usage on the psychological well-being and body image of female university students. In this study, a survey questionnaire was used for data. A sample of 150 female university students was selected through convenience sampling from the University of Management and Technology. The sample was equally divided among three academic programs offered in UMT e.g., BS, MA and MPhil. Moreover, cultivation theory was employed to provide a theoretical framework for a better understanding of the phenomenon and to explain the results.Findings suggested that the use of Instagram is the major cause of serious psychological issues in female university students and increased dissatisfaction among the female students regarding their own bodies. H ...
1-Noor Ul Ain Nasir Lecturer in School of Media and Communication Studies, University of UMT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Aleena Ayub BS Scholar, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of UMT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Sumair Ahmad Lecturer in School of Media and Communication Studies, University of UMT, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Well-being, Instagram, Psychological Disorder, Cultivation Theory
Exploring the Impact of Online Learning on Youngsters during Covid-19: From the Knowledge Gap Theory Perspective
The sudden emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic caused panic and anxiety among students all over the world. The education institutions were among many that had suffered significant damage as a result of the pandemic. Following the closure of educational institutes, it was a challenging moment for professional education, which was combated by the development of Digital-learning via online classrooms to assure the students' continued participation in the teaching-learning process. The purpose of this study is to see how effective online education is compared to traditional classroom education among university students. A quantitative survey of university students was conducted. This study included 300 students in total. The students were given a questionnaire with 30 questions to rate the effi ...
1-Ishrat Fatima MPhil, Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Aasima Safdar Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Online Learning, Productivity, Quality of Knowledge, Knowledge Gap
A Comparative Analysis of the Editorial Treatment of Arab Israel Relation in US, Pakistan and Iran Press
The principal ulterior motive of this research was to break down the essential content of news editorials considering the details of Arab- Israel relations by a different newspaper. This circumstantial research appraised how much and in which direction diligence was paid to Arab- Israel relations news in the editorial of these newspapers. To delve into the status of Arab- Israel relations in the editorials of elite newspapers, content dissection was conducted. Two theories, the first agenda-setting theory and the second framing theory, were taken as a frame of current research. The determination of detailed results of this study concluded that most of the newspaper contents bounced on the Arab- Israel conflict/crisis and Israel latterly a pperception by Arabs that were highly addressed in ...
1-Sumaira Yasmeen MPhil. Scholar, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ashraf Iqbal In charge, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sana Haroon Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, Government College University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Israel Recognition, Newspapers Editorials, Arab-Israel Relations, Arab- Israel Conflict
Comparison between Control and Experimental Group in Order to Enhance the Instructional Leadership Traits of Teachers through Teaching Training
The major objective of this research was to investigate the effects of teacher training in developing instructional leadership traits of teachers. For this study, pre and post-experimental research designs were administered. The study population consists of public secondary school teachers in Punjab. The sample selected 216 respondents from four districts (Sialkot=45, Hafizabad=56,Gijranwala=61 and Mandi Bahauddin=54) through a random sampling technique. It used a self-administered scale while data were collected twice from the participants before and after the intervention of three hours. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences was computed to analyze the research questions proposed in this study. The findings revealed that there was a significant difference between the control and ex ...
1-Muhammad Bilal M.Phil Scholar, Department of Education, Leadership and Management Superior University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Tariq Mahmood Khan Professor, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Naveed Jabbar Head of the Department of Education, National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
A Review of the Emergence and Popularity of Tehreek-e-Taliban Swat
Tehreek-e-Taliban Swat (TTS) emerged as a formidable challenge for the Pakistani administration in Swat. It was able to launch a successful insurgency in Swat within a very short period.It was very surprising for the political observers that insurgency got considerable public support in a limited period. TTS touched the climax of strength when it was able to get administrative control of the Swat area. The leadership of TTS used modern tools and tactics i.e. FM radio to propagate its program.A private militia (Shaheen Force) was also organized to launch the armed struggle. Local police and Frontier Constabulary (FC) became ineffective in maintaining the administrative control of the Government of Pakistan. The study investigates how TTS was able to become so powerful in Swat. It isan analy ...
1-Shafqat Rasool PhD. Scholar, Department of Political Science and IR, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan2-Sultan Mubariz Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and IR, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
Teachers' Empowerment and Organisational Commitment: A Perceived Perspective of Secondary School Teachers in Punjab
This paper deemed a purpose to navigate the perception and to investigate the relationship between public secondary school teachers' empowerment and their organizational commitment. The secondary teachers of Punjab province working at public schools were the population of the study. The sample size was 1200 teachers who were selected randomly from the Punjab secondary school. 1103teachers sent back filled questionnaires that were a reasonable return rate of 92 percent. The mean, frequency and Pearson correlation were the statistical techniques used to analyze data. The findings of the study showed that teachers of secondary education perceived empowerment along with organizational commitment. Both the variables also had a strong positive correlation. So, it was recommended that teachers' e ...
1-Noor Mohammad Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan2-Sajid Mahmood Sajid Ph. D (Graduate), IER, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Jamil Lecturer, GC Women University Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
Teachers’ Empowerment, Organizational Commitment, Secondary School Teachers
The study focuses on the Protection women Act, 2006. There are two perceptions about the PWA. The first perception is that this Act is compatible with Quran and Sunnah. The second opinion is that this Act is completely against Islam. In the view of the researcher, both opinions are not correct.Many provisions of this amendment act are correct, and these modifications are required to comply with the rules of Islamic law. On the other hand, a few clauses of this amendment act are objectionable.In this article, an analysis has been made of both positive and negative aspects of PWA. ...
Role of Media in Narrative Building: A Case of Pakistan-India Relations
Media shapes the mind of the people but also creates the perception that they wanted people to build. In other words, we can say that media controls the minds of the people and work it accordingly as it wants to. Besides getting people informed about what is going on around the world, the media also show things that are in their favor and can also give them ratings and circulation. There is no better illustration than the India-Pakistan relationship is something that is a crucial matter, and the media acts according to how the situation is and is not act restricted in any term. The role of the media has been progressive in both India and Pakistan, distinguishing the quality of the media. The qualitative research focuses on the critical part of media that has been playing in the Indo-Pak re ...
1-Muhammad Arif Khan Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Federal Urdu University of Arts Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Shahnawaz Muhammad Khan Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Federal Urdu University of Arts Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan3-Iltaf Khan Subject Specialist in Pakistan Study, Elementary and Secondary Education Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Media, Narrative Building, Pakistan India Relations
Impact of Parent's Education and Involvement on Children's Academic Performance in District Vehari
The present research aims to explore the effect of parental involvement on the academic achievement of their children. The objective of the research study was to analyze the impact of parental involvement on their children's education. The study was quantitative in nature. There are 150 private primary schools in Tehsil Bure Wala District Vehari Punjab, Pakistan. Four schools were designated with the help of simple random sampling. A questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection.Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the data. During the data analysis procedure, it was originated that parental involvement has a significant effect on the better academic performance of their children. The research study evidenced that parental involvement boosted the academic achievement ...
Trainee's Motivation to Transfer has Moderating Effect on the Relationship of Trainees Learning and Trainee's Behaviour in Social Enterprises of Pakistan
Trainees' learning from training is an important factor for behavior change of the trainees.The current study's aim is to investigate the relationship between trainees' learning and trainee behavior in social enterprises operating in Pakistan. The study further investigates the moderating influence of trainees' motivation to transfer in the relationship amid trainees' learning and trainees' behavior. The questionnaires adopted relevant to variables were distributed among skill certification training program trainees of social enterprises in the cities ranked in the world entrepreneurship index-2018, including Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Islamabad. A total of 394 responses to the completed survey questionnaire were received at two-time intervals. Different statistical tools, including Str ...
1-Shahid Ali PhD Scholar, Institute of business studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan2-Muhammad Tufail Assistant Professor, Institute of business studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan3-Samra Kiran Assistant Professor, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Trainees’ Learning, Trainees’ Behavior, Trainees Motivation to Transfer, Social Enterprises, Skill Certification Training
History, Architecture and Tourism Prospects of the Sharda Temple in Neelum Valley, Pakistan: An Appraisal
The Sharda Village in remote retreats of Neelum Valley, or initially, the Valley of Kishan Ganga, has a ruined structure. Though it is locally known as an old educational center (a University),according to scholars, it is a Kashmir-style stone temple dedicated to the Sharda goddess. Such temples have been in style from the 5th to 10th century CE. The current study is aimed to assign the date to thetemple through a comparative analysis of its structural remains and highlight some of the tourism prospects associated with this monument. Data for this research was collected through field surveys,group discussions with the local community and secondary sources. ...
1-Junaid Ahmad Lecturer, Department of Archaeology, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Anas Mahmud Arif Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan3-Adnan Anwar Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan
Hindu Temple, Stone Temples of Kashmir, Sharada, Ancient Architecture, Neelum Valley, Tourism
Comparison of Students' Learning through Face-to-Face and Online Classes during Covid-19
The study intends to find out how university teachers and students perceive students' learning in online and face-to-face classrooms. The study's participants were all university of Sargodha faculty and students. The data were collected from 15 teachers and 60 students of three selected departments of the University of Sargodha through two separate online interview schedules. It was concluded that the majority of the teachers and students were less satisfied with online learning as compared to face-to-face learning. They highlighted some serious challenges which they faced during online classes, i.e., communication gap between teacher and students, lack of internet connectivity, lack of student environment, lack of timing, difficulty in monitoring and controlling students' behavior,backgro ...
1-Muhammad Abbas PhD Scholar, University of Education, Township Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Pervaiz Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan Campus, Punjab, Pakistan3-Farheen Malik PhD Scholar, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Primary Students' Online Learning During Covid-19 Pandemic: Perspective of Mothers
This study aims to explore parental involvement in primary students' online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study used a phenomenological qualitative research design. A purposive sampling technique was used to collect data, and nine mothers whose children were studying online participated in the study. Thematic analysis revealed that shifting from regular learning to online learning was not easy. Mothers mentioned that they did not find online learning effective for primary students. They were of the view that online learning was not catering to their children's intellectual and social development needs. The managing of children's schedules was demanding, and mothers had to change their routines. Creating a proper learning environment for children was another challenge.Participa ...
1-Maman Sharjeel MPhil Scholar, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Yaar Muhammad Assistant Professor, Government College University for Women, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan3-Yasira Waqar Assistant Professor, Syed Ahsan Ali and Syed Maratib Ali School of Education, LUMS, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Online Learning Primary School; Parental Involvement; Covid-19; Pandemic; Qualitative Research
The Editorial Coverage on Climate Change in Context of Other Emerging Environmental Issues: A Comparative Analysis of English and Urdu Print Media of Pakistan
This study explores the editorial coverage of climate change in terms of increasing unpredictable changes in weather conditions and its associated problems in Pakistan. The main focus of the researcher is to analyze the editorial coverage on the issue of Climate Change in Pakistani print media. For this, primary data have been collected from editorials published in two renowned newspapers of Pakistan, the Daily Dawn and the Daily Jang, from the year 2018 to 2019. Results showed that the Daily Jang had given more coverage to the emerging environmental issues than the Daily Dawn during a particular time. But when it comes to a specific environmental issue like Climate Change, the Daily Dawn has given more coverage to the said issue as compared to its counterpart. An exploratory quantitative ...
1-Faraz Ahmad Barri Ph. D Scholar, Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur/Lecturer in Journalism, Department of Higher Education, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Shahzad Professor of Media Studies, Department of Media Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Linkages between Indigenous Knowledge and the Flood Vulnerability in KP, Pakistan
The present study investigated the use of indigenous knowledge to reduce disaster vulnerability in the district of Charsadda, KP, Pakistan. There are two spells of the rainy season in a year in the study area which caused floods, one in winter and the other in August, the peaked summer rainfall. These floods highly affect the agriculture sector and physical infrastructure in the area. Along with modern techniques, people have the capability to predict through their indigenous knowledge about these floods. The 84 respondents were selected from two village councils by using the multistage sampling technique. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected for the study. A semi-structured questionnaire was designed for quantitative data and focused group discussion for qualitative data. ...
Impact of Tourism in Districts of Malakand Division (Swat, Dir, Chitral, Buner, Shangla, Malakand), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: Interviews Narrative of Local People
Tourism is a multifaceted industry that is more common in the developed world. Pakistanis located in South Asia, where the tourism industry needs a significant attention. The current study was conducted in 2021 to capture the impact of tourism in Malakand, Swat, Dir, Chitral, Buner and Shangla districts. The study is based on a mixed study method; quantitative data were collected by questionnaire with a sample size of 400 respondents from tourist spots in Malakand, Swat, Dir, Chitral, Shangla and Buner districts of Malakand Division. For the qualitative analysis, a total of 40 interviews with local people were conducted. Convenience sampling was used. The results highlighted the positive effects of tourism in the Malakand Division, which consist of boosting businesses, promoting education, ...
1-Naila Alam PhD Scholar, Department of Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Zahid Anwar Director, China Study Centre, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Farmanullah Assistant Professor, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Observation of Early Childhood Pedagogical Practices in Public Primary Schools
The study was conducted to explore the early childhood pedagogical practices in public schools. The study was exploratory, and the population of the study was all the ECE teachers of private primary schools in four districts of the Sargodha Division, i.e. Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. A total of 102 ECE schools in four districts of the Sargodha division were selected through convenience sampling, including 23 male and 79 female ECE teachers. An observation Schedule for ECE pedagogical practices was developed and validated through experts’ opinions. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied to analyze the data. Major conclusions were that majority of ECE teachers were practicing a good level of pedagogical practices, whereas male and female ECE teachers were equivalen ...
1-Muhammad Naveed Khalid Resource Person, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan2-Farah Shafiq Assistant Professor, Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Mushtaq Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Early Childhood Practices, Observation, Public and Privates Schools