Influence of Social Media Chat on English Writing Skills of the Students
The advancements in technology have cast a shadow on people belonging to all walks of life.The life of youth is incomplete without the use of technology. Mobile phones have become a necessity in their lives. Invent of internet gifted mobile phones with many new applications e.g. WhatsApp,Twitter, Snapchat, etc. WhatsApp is the easiest and the most user-friendly application among all has gained tremendous importance in the lives of youth. WhatsApp users are rising each day as every new invention comes up with many advantages as well as disadvantages. The present study attempts to study the effects of WhatsApp messenger on formal writing of students by using a mixed research design i.e. two research tools have been used for the collection of data, one is quantitative in the form of a questio ...
1-Ejaz Mirza Assistant Professor/HOD, Department of English, NUML, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Haseeb Nasir Assistant Professor, Department of English, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Abdullah Assistant Professor, Department of English, NUML, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Impact, Social Media, Smart Phones, WhatsApp, Writing Skills
The Islamic Doctrine of Economics and Capitalism: Comparative Analysis, Assessment and Future Policy Recommendations for Pakistan
The research investigates the prospect of the financial system of Islam and the viability of its growth alongside traditional financial services within another capitalist system schema, and it proposes modified native stock investments as a pragmatic groundwork for Sharia principles constructed on principles of Islamic teachings. This research work will contrast the theories of integrity and socio-economic justice in the two rhetoric. A conceptual analysis that follows serves as the foundation for policy recommendations. The research is exclusively normative, and discussing it from a logical standpoint is outside the scope of this research. The said investigation would also have implications and recommendations for policymakers and professionals while adjusting Contemporary Western constru ...
Oiko-Poetics versus Andro-Poetics: An Account of the Deep-Ecological Perspective of Ice Age in Contrast to the Naturalistic Perspective of Exploration Age
This article provides an interpretation of the two worldviews of nature. The first one is the Euro-American orientation, which is naturalistic in its outlook towards the environment. This outlook provides the roots for Andro-Poetic epistemology; which is inclusive and exploitative in its ontology.The second one is the Native American orientation, which is bio-centric in its outlook on the environment. This outlook nourishes the ideology of deep ecology and provides the perspective of Oiko-Poetics; which has inclusive epistemology and a collective environmental ontology. Hence, this article reflects to provide a comparative analytical and critical approach to scrutinize the two selected fictions side by side. Which proves that the Native American Approach is inclusive towards the nature in ...
1-Amna Farooq Ph.D. Scholar, Department of English Literature, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan2-Muhammad Ammar Ph.D. Scholar, Department of English Linguistics, Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Aqdas Khanam Lecturer, Department of English, Government College Women University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Oiko-Poetics, Deep Ecology, Biocentrism, Red Americans, Naturalism, Deterministic, Anthropocentricism, White Americans
Usage and Gratification Aspects of Social Media Reliance among Pakistani Youth
This research endeavored to discover the reasons behind widespread social media reliance among Pakistani youth. The major focus of research was to understand how the social media reliance results into such behaviors and patterns that reinforce the extensive adoption of this medium throughout society. The researcher has taken two most important aspects usage and gratification regarding the youth’s reliance on social media. Students both male and female aged 18-30 from public and private universities of metropolitan cities (Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Islamabad ) Pakistan were taken. By using purposive sampling, 1000 university students were taken as sample for this study.Survey method was used for data collection and for data analysis Pearson product-moment correlation was applied ...
1-Ammara Iqbal PhD Scholar, School of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Noshina Saleem Professor, Director School of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Gratification, Pakistani, Reliance, Social Media, Usage, Youth
Exploring the Effects of the Policy "Maar Nahi Piyar" On Students' Behavior and their Academic Performance in Public Schools
The policy “MAAR NAHI PIYAR” (Not to beat but Love) is the initiative taken by the government of Punjab education department, which intends to enhance children's academic performance and improve their behavior. This study aimed at exploring the effects of the policy “MAARNAHI PIYAR” on students’ behavior and their academic performance in public schools of Pakistan through the lens of teachers and students. The study sample consisted of two groups of respondents i.e. teachers and students. The study surveyed opinions of a randomly sampled 100 teachers, 100 students, and ten public schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The quantitative method approach was adopted. Data were collected through self-developed questionnaires. Five Point Likert scale was used.Findings illustrated a need for ...
1-Huseena Rashid PhD Scholar, Department of Psychology and Education, Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan2-Shagufta Akhtar Director ORIC, Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Allah Baksh Malik Ex-Head, Department of Education, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Uses and Gratification Theory and Social Media Interactivity: A Demographic study in Lahore, Pakistan
This study looked at the usages and gratifications of social media interactivity between digital natives and digital immigrants. This study focuses to see if demographics such as age, education, and socioeconomic status have an impact on users also uncovering the possible reasons for social media usage among both generations based on their individual gratifications. The interview was conducted with a total of 16 participants in Lahore. They were picked based on their interest in social media and the consistency with which they interact with it. A semi-structured interview was conducted then analyzed using thematic analysis. Interaction of similar social media networks, apps, and platforms brings Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants closer together. Both generations choose to spend their ...
1-Safa Ilyas Ahmed Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Mass Communication, Lahore College Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Anjum Zia Professor, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Uses and Gratifications, Social Media, Interactivity, Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants.
Evaluative Study of Teacher Training Workshop and Classroom Management Skills of Teachers Teaching at Federal Government Educational Institutions in Lahore Region
Standard of teacher training workshops in Pakistan has been exhibiting a span of accelerating and numerous reforms in a variety of disciplines incorporating classroom management skills. Present work was carried out to gauge the effectiveness of teacher training workshop o classroom management skills of teachers teaching at federal government educational institutions in Lahore.Classroom management was examined by subject matters and training methods. Effectiveness was described as the extent of standard through which classroom management skill was assessed. The survey method was utilized and sampling comprised of FGEI entity at Lahore Region. A comprehensive instrument consisting of relevant constructs was developed for generating research data. The retrieved data from 200 participants were ...
A Theatrical Study of Ikram Azam's Short Peace Plays
This piece of research pursues the critical investigation of the distancing devices used in Ikram Azam’s Short Peace Plays: The Quaid at the Jinnah Road, The Two Voices, The Vicious Circle, and The Sepulture. Naïve characters with their simplistic but basic questions on the sociopolitical ailments confronting the nation alienate and orient the reader dynamically. The dialectical juxtaposition of characters, with multiple points of views, has always been a popular technique to produce the spectacular discourse. In addition to the unity of opposites, the role of the narratological analogies is well entrenched in these plays. Courts rooms and dead bodies play their role very tactfully in imparting staginess to the text. Wars and their impacts on each and every aspect of social life are not ...
1-Muhammad Umer Azim Assistant Professor of English, Government Graduate College Township, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Muhammad Saleem Assistant Professor of English, Government Graduate College Township, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Umar -ud -Din Associate Professor of English, Government Graduate College Civil Lines, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Theatricality, Barakat, Ikram Azam, Short Peace Plays
Gender Differences in the Use of Lexical Features in Text Messaging of Pakistani Students
This research intends to discover gender differences in the usage of linguistic features in text messages by Pakistani students. Herring's approach to Computer-Mediated Discourse Analysis is used as the backbone of this research. In this qualitative research, a sample of 100 university students was selected. The sample provided a corpus of 300 text messages. Content analysis was used for coding and classification of the data, whereas descriptive statistics were used to find out percentages and frequencies. The data was classified as the messages sent by the males and those by females. Lexical features are classified as contraction, letter and number homophones, and initialism. Male students use more contractions, initial-isms and clippings while female students use letter and number homoph ...
1-Kiran Jahanzeb M.Phil Applied Linguistics, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Humaira Irfan Associate Professor of English, Department of English, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Jahanzeb Jahan Lecturer in English, Department of English, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Gender differences, Lexical features, SMS Text messaging
Analysis of Available Lab Facilities at Secondary Level
Science education plays an important role in the creation of creativity in the personality of students. There is a strong relationship between science education and practical work, due to which it is not possible for the students to have conceptual knowledge of science subjects without proper practical performance in the classroom. The purpose of this research study was to analyse the available lab facilities in secondary schools. The research was qualitative in nature. The population of this research study was all the high schools of district Narowal. There was a total of 157 high schools indistrict Narowal which were 75 boy high schools and 82 girls high schools. In the first stage,proportionate stratified sampling techniques were used to select male and female public sector high schools ...
1-Muhammad Irfan Irshad M.Phil Scholar, Superior University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Aamir Hashmi Associate Professor, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Identity Crisis among Migrants after Partition of 1947: A Case Study of Daultala Gujjar Khan
An examination of human history would reveal the critical role that migration and population mobility have played in shaping the fundamental nature of human civilization today. While this may appear to be a natural process, its power to alter the social, political, and economic dynamics of both the sending and host countries, as well as important notions like "citizenship," "identification,"and "belonging,”. Upon the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, millions of Indian refugees and migrants settled in Karachi and other regions of the country, coexisting with the local people. They identified as‘mohajirs' (migrants) and have since been a part of Pakistan's lengthy process of assimilation into the multiethnic, multilingual Islamic republic. The topic of the research was "Identity Crisis ...
1-Aniqa Zaheer M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Anthropology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abid Ghafoor Chaudhry Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Shagufta Hamid Ali Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Pir Mehr Ali Shah, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan
Muhajirs (Migrants), Identity Crisis, Cultural Identity, Daultala, Immigration
Pakistan-USA relations have witnessed many ups and downs throughout the history of their interaction. The elite press on both sides played an important role in shaping and re-shaping attitudes,policies, and public opinion over various bilateral and regional issues. Post 9/11 situation expanded the part of the press on both sides due to war on terror cooperation and subsequent developments. Regime changes in America or Pakistan are often perceived as a harbinger of new policy shifts with anticipations of a new era of bilateral relations. The last year of the PPP government in Pakistan witnessed re-election of Barack Obama for the second term, but Pakistan's upcoming elections were more speculative interms of office holder and the party. The scholar are divided about the role of the elite pr ...
1-Shahzad Qaisar Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies and History, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Zubair Iqbal National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Associate professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Elite press, PPP government, War on Terror, Foreign policy, Pak-US, Editorials
Current Afghanistan Crisis: The Impact of External Factors on Internal Crisis
This paper attempts to address some of the fundamental questions concerning the current crisis in Afghanistan. After fighting for twenty years, the US and NATO forces announced their withdrawal and the Taliban again recaptured and took over Afghanistan on August 15, 2021. The US and NATO withdrawal and recapturing of Afghanistan by the Taliban was not the ending but the beginning of a new crisis. After the US withdrawal, the new Taliban are facing multiple threats from different militant groups and the worst humanitarian crisis. The article explores how the external factors influence the internal crisis. The study demonstrates that international support and regional pressure can persuade the Taliban government to ensure fundamental rights including girls’ education. If left alone, the go ...
Disability and Employment; Quota System and Infrastructure Analysis LDA Lahore as a Paradigm
Anin capacity is any condition of the body or mind that makes it more problematic for the individual with the state to do certain accomplishments and cooperate with the world around them.The main objectives of the study are to find the relationship between disability and employment,empower disabled people, provide them with better employment opportunities, make them financially stable and make them independent and incorporate the factors that make the building accessible and comfortable for the disabled. From the literature reviews which were of different ideologies and objectives, the result came is that there are different techniques by which the problems can be solved by involving sustainability, accessibility and adaptability in an infrastructure design. The sector of the LDA has been ...
1-Minahil Nawaz University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Zaira Tahir University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Asra Hafeez University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Disability, Employment, Infrastructure, Accessibility, Sustainability, Disables Community
The Economics of Race and Blame: News Frame Analysis of Cross- Border Economic Consequences by Indian and Pakistani Media
India and Pakistan share a border that enables them for an economic collaboration to minimize their mutual conflicts which are there since their partition. This study aims at identifying those economic obstacles which hinder their mutual economic cooperation. It further examines the framing trends through which media from both countries showcase each other's economic issues in certain ways. News headlines and lead paragraphs from two English dailies each from India and Pakistan, were analyzed. "Economic consequences" frame was identified among the selected data of 4086 news stories. The findings revealed that both countries blame about unstable bilateral trades, loss in import and exports deals, underdeveloped national and international businesses and economic deficits on each other. CPEC, ...
1-Abul Hassan Assistant Professor, School of Creative Arts, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Tanveer Hussain Assistant Professor, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Farrukh Lecturer, School of Creative Arts, University of Lahore, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
The Impact of Domestic and Foreign-Invested Enterprises Trade on Life Expectancy in China
Health is fundamental for human well-being and economic growth and the development of an economy. Particularly, poor health has a perpetually damaging effect on the well-being of people and consequently, lowers life expectancy. Our study explores the influence of trade openness(domestic-invested enterprises (DIEs) and foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) trade) on life expectancy in China and across gender using Chinese provincial panel data. The results reveal that trade openness significantly promotes life expectancy. We find a positive relationship between trade openness (DIEs and FIEs trade) and life expectancy in China and across gender. Our findings are robust to the inclusion of other control variables for the overall and female cases but not the male. The policy implication is that ...
1-Hubert Visas Associate Professor, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.2-Jabbar Ul-Haq Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Sana Khanum MPhil Scholar, Department of Economics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.
Domestic and Foreign-invested Enterprises Trade, Trade Openness, Health, Life Expectancy, China
Studies have revealed that in the age of digital media, popular culture has emerged as a powerful phenomenon. With this in mind, this article critically examines how media is the key player in promoting and reinforcing popular culture. Further, it illuminates the cultural shift with urbanization and industrial progress. In this regard, available literature of the past twenty years has been critically reviewed. This piece of research confers different sources of popular culture such as movies, TV programs, online video gaming, politics, music, sports, advertisements, e-commerce, and mobile applications and describes the significant role of the media in popularizing and endorsing it. This study concludes that the media has played a significant role in cultural change and that the media and p ...
1-Shanawer Rafique MPhil Scholar, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan2-Mohsin Hassan Khan Assistant Professor, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Hira Bilal MPhil Scholar, School of Media and Communication Studies, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Culture, Popular Culture, Sources of Pop-Culture, Media