Assessing Psychometrics of Goal Orientation Scale in Pakistani Context
1-Iqbal Ahmad: Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir, KP, Pakistan. 2-M. Anees ul Husnain Shah: Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Education, DG Khan Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Saeed: MPhil Scholar, Senior Headmaster, Government High School, Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan.
Goal orientation has been tested all over the world. However, the present study was conducted to validate the Goal Orientation Scale in Pakistan. A total of 141 students from two Pakistani public sector universities participated. A cross validation procedure based on factor analysis was adopted to analyze the collected data. The study was conducted in two stages. During the first stage, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was performed to assess the four-factor structure. In the second stage, the hypothesized four-factor model was assessed by using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The results supported the four-factor model consisting of task orientation, self-enhancing orientation, self-defeating orientation and avoidance orientation. Reliability and validity estimates confirmed the adequacy of GOS as a reliable and valid scale for measuring goal orientation of students in the higher education context of Pakistan. Further research is recommended to test the scale in other fields for getting more robust results.
DOI Link :
Volume & Issue :