Effects of Harassment on Academic Performance: A Case of University Students of Lahore
This research study attempted to explore the effects of cyber harassment and traditional harassment on the academic performance of university students. Likewise, investigating the influence of this harassment on substance usage was another prime objective of the study. For this purpose, students of four Lahore based universities (2 public, 2 private) were taken as population. Similarly, using convenience sampling, 150 respondents from each university were selected to meet a total sample of 600 students. For data collection, a cross-sectional survey method was used; however, for data analysis, a one-way analysis of variance was done so that demographics differences could be checked. Whereas Pearson product-moment correlation was applied to tests the relationships between IVs and DVs. Result ...
1-Zaheer Ud Din Babar PhD Scholar, School of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Noshina Saleem Professor, School of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Traditional Harassment, Cyber Harassment, Academic Performance, Substance Usage, Drug Abuse, University Students
Revival Of Civil-Military Nexus On Drafting New National Security Policy: Critical Discourse Analysis of Pakistan's Two English Newspapers
Over the past few years, Pakistan carried out various publicized battles against militancy and terrorism led primarily by thePakistan military. Due to the changed geostrategic context, civil-military coordination is necessary for developing a new national securitypolicy. Therefore the objective of the present study is to examine civil-military coordination portrayed in the English press of Pakistanfollowed by the most significant event, i.e., the formation of Provincial Apex committees. These committees were formed for strengtheningcollaboration between civil-military institutions to execute NAP in different provinces, consequently the study analyzed news stories of twoEnglish newspapers, i.e., Dawn and The News, by employing the CDA model proposed by Fairclough. Results indicate that Dawn ...
1-Amna Zulfiqar Assistant Professor, Department of Mass Communication, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Faiza Khalid Lecturer, Department of Mass Communication, NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Maria Khalid PhD Scholar, Department of Media and Communication Studies, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Evaluation of Government Programs & Policies to Eradicate Gender Disparities in Pakistan
Like many other developing nations, Pakistan is also facing a gender gap in its socio-cultural spheres. Since independence,
many programs and policies have been made in public and private sector domains to eradicate these gender disparities. This paper aims to
evaluate these programs and policies by encountering their salient features and how far these programs and policies proved to be fruitful
in bridging this gap. The evaluation is done majorly through a desk review of the secondary data drawn from reports published by different
government and local organizations. Mainly, the qualitative methods of content and thematic analyses were employed for exploring the
gender-based disparities, and how these are affecting the pace of development in Pakistan. Moreover, an assessment of strate ...
1-Minahil Nawaz Department of City and Regional Planning, School of Architecture & Planning, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Atif Bilal Aslam Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Fariha Tariq Department of City and Regional Planning, School of Architecture & Planning, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Women Economy, Gender Gaps, Gender Disparities, Women disability, Participation
Pakistan Turkey Cordial Entente (1947-2013): A Diachronic Review
Relations between Turkey and Pakistan always remained decent and friendly. The mutual sympathies between both countries
cannot be described in any other way except the cultural heritage. Both countries have helped each other whenever they needed it in the
field of foreign policy. It has cooperated between Ankara and Islamabad that they may raise a hand of cooperation in different affairs like
foreign policy and security. They have supported each other as well as defended each others interests, most specifically in the international
arena. Since the time of the cold war, both countries, Pakistan and Turkey, have shared their approach, especially on Cypress and Kashmir
issues. In this document, an attempt was made to discuss the political and economic relations between Turkey and Pakist ...
1-Muhammad Almas Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Gulzar Ahmad Government Model High School Thingi, Vehari, Education Department Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Khurshid Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Political Relations, Economic Relations, Project Trial Chapter, Bilateral Relations
Teaching in a Polarized Islamic Society: A Phenomenological Study of the Christian School Teachers in the Gujrat City
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is also home to other religious minorities. Since Independence, these minorities have played
a significant role in serving the nation through different professions, and teaching is one of them. Yet, there is a growing concern regarding
how well and respectfully they are accommodated in a Muslim majority society. This phenomenological research study explores the
perspectives of Christian teachers concerning their difficulties in dealing with students and parents of different religions and their support
needs. Ten teachers were purposively selected for semi-structured interviews. Content analysis revealed that although most teachers were
satisfied with working conditions and the behaviors of students and parents with them, few of them highlighted the iss ...
1-Maimoona Anjum District Education Officer, Literacy & Non-Formal Basic Education Department, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Yaar Muhammad Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Arjumand Rauf PhD. Scholar, Department of Education, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Minorities, Christian Teachers, Muslims, Discrimination, Pakistan, Rights
Effect of Activity Based Teaching on Public Sector College Students' Academic Achievement in the Subject of English
The study was aimed to find out the effect of activity-based teaching on students' academic achievement in the subject of
English at grade XII. It carried a quasi-experimental Pre-test Post-test design. A public sector girls' college of district Lahore was selected
as a cluster. Two intact groups were selected randomly. The experimental group was taught with the help of self-designed activities, and
the control group was taught the same subject through the lecture method. Data was collected through an achievement test of English.
Data were collected on a pre-test and post-test basis. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and an independent sample t-test.
The effect size was calculated through Cohen's d value of significance. It revealed that instructional activities had a ...
1-Khalida Batool Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Education and Research (IER), University of Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Saeed Institute of Education and Research (IER), University of Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Academic Achievement, Activity-Based, English Language, Experimental Research
The US-led war on terror against Osama bin Laden and the Al-Qaeda network has brought gigantic socio-political and economic impacts on the overall population of Pashtuns of FATA and KP. The US drone strikes largely targeted the Pashtuns population in the tribal belt of Pakistan while the Pakistani security forces particularly conducted various operations in the Pashtuns areas, being a partner/ally of the get praise. In the war, thousands of innocent civilians, including children and women of the Pashtuns population,have been killed, injured and millions remained displaced. Infrastructure, including roads, public and private buildings, bridges,educational institutions, tourism, etc, in the Pashtuns' land, has been destroyed. This paper is an attempt to analyze the so-called war on terror an ...
1-Fazal Rabbi Associate Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shakeel Ahmad Assistant Professor, Centre for Policy Studies, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan3-Munib Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Chinese Language and Literature, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.
War on Terror, Pak-Afghan Borderland, Osama bin Laden,
Factors Influencing Teaching Quality of English Language at High School Level in..
The purpose of the study is to explore the factors influencing the quality of English LL as a foreign language in secondary education. A questionnaire was constructed and applied to cover the main objectives of the current research. A survey method using a five-point Likert-type questionnaire was applied to collect the data from 67 teachers teaching the English language at the school level in the schools of southern Punjab, Pakistan. Collected data were entered in SPSS (Statistical Package for social science). The data was analyzed by using related statistical Testes i.e. descriptive statistics, T-test ANOVA, etc. Findings of the study support appointment of non-qualified teachers, teaching English through science teachers, lack of proper teaching aids through proper and effective English ...
1-Abdul Khaliq Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Allied Sciences, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan2-Asma Asif Visiting Lecturer, Department of Social and Allied Sciences, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Rasheed Ahmad Visiting Lecturer, Department of English Literature, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
English Language, Quality, Professional Training, Secondary Education
Analytical Study of the Role of Justice of Peace in Registration of Fir in Pakistan
No legislation is beneficial unless it is helpful for the masses in general and downtrodden people in particular. Legislators usually focus on the deprived segments of society so that weaker ones may take advantage of the said legislation. Any legislation that does not benefit the weaker sections of society is meaningless. Registration of the First information report is the right of the citizen in case of cognizable nature of the offence. Lodgement of FIR is the responsibility of the police in such a scenario. Needless to mention that ours is not a utopian state, and because of dissatisfaction of people due to incompetence and high handedness of police officials in the lodgement of FIR, Section 22-A(6) was added in Criminal Procedure Code in 2002. Justices of Peace had performed their duti ...
1-Kashif Mahmood Saqib School of Law, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Hamid Mukhtar School of Law, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Malik Zia-ud-Din Department of Law, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Justice of Peace, Registration of FIR, Police, Criminal Justice System, Cognizable Offence
Contemporary Discourse of Constitutionalism in Pakistan: A Critical Study in the light of Iqbal's Perception of Constitutionalism
The analysis of the contemporary discourse of constitutionalism in Pakistan as per the understanding of constitutionalism by Allama Muhammad Iqbal is very important. There has been a longstanding debate in Pakistan between Liberals and Conservatives regarding the nature of the constitution. The vision of Iqbal, as reflected in his lectures and poetry, can be critically analyzed and applied on the existing constitutional challenges of Pakistan. This paper will critically analyze the salient points enunciated by the intellectual work of Iqbal and will also analyze its applicability and relevance with the constitutional framework of Pakistan. The findings of this research work are based on the review of the existing intellectual work of Iqbal. This study suggests concrete reforms in the const ...
1-Adnan Rahman Faculty Member of Law, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan.2-Syed Mudasser Fida Gardazi Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan.3-Nafees Ahmed Khan Lecturer in Law, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.
Constitutionalism, Allama Iqbal, Political Constitutionalism, Legal Constitutionalism, Concept of Tawhid, Theocracy and Spiritual Democracy
Women Objectification and Gender Roles: Discourse Analysis of Billboard Advertisements in Pakistan
Gender advertisement is the depiction of stereotypical gender roles presented in billboard advertisements. Advertisers frequently employ gendered presentations to emphasize women's sexual orientation in the advertisements. The present qualitative descriptive research tried to examine the multi-layered significance of billboards advertisements by extension, investigation and explication of intentions, motives and societal practices displayed in billboard advertisements. For this reason, the text of two (2) billboard advertisements were systematically examined employing Fair clough’s Three-Dimensional Framework. These three aspects are description,interpretation, and explanation. The acquired findings demonstrated that both these billboards have underneath connotations regarding gender rol ...
1-Rukhshanda Mushtaq Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Wah (UW), Wah Cantonment, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Naveed Ahmad Taseer MPhil English, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan. % MPhil Education, Institute of Education and Research, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan3-Shabir Ullah MPhil Scholar, Department of English, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, D. I. Khan, KP, Pakistan.
Billboard Advertisements, Description, Interpretation, Explanation, Fairclough, Gender Exploitation, Feminine Depiction, Patriarchal Notions, 3-Dimensional Model