Indo-US Strategic Partnership and Regional Politics
The United States and India relationship has changed from offense to more extensive engagement since 2004. 0With mutual interest and potential of both, the US and India relationship has matured into a strategic partnership through mutual atomic cooperation. This paper investigates the cost and advantage of the strategic partnership of India and the US and the effect on the South Asian balance of power in the backdrop of PakUS relationships. It additionally concentrates on the security structure of the neighborhood, and
challenges for the US to keep up strategic partnerships with the opponents India and Pakistan. ...
1-Mujahid Hussain Senior Lecturer Department of Humanities and Social Sciences,Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan2-Syed Umair Jalal MPhil. Scholar,Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan3-Muhammad Bilal Assistant Registrar Women University, Swabi, KP, Pakistan.
Indo-US, Strategic Partnership, South Asia, 9/11, Politics
Crafting Resistance through Narratives in Afghanistan
Narrative offers an evocative
opportunity to understand the power of
knowledge manipulation within the public policy
system. Despite the influence of narratives in
designing, formulating, and implementing of public
policies, it is a relatively nascent concept in public
policy studies.The war in Afghanistan truly represents
a battle of narratives. This paper takes a Narrative
Policy Framework (NPF) approach to explore the
narratives used by resistance forces in Afghanistan
within the belief system of a religion. It acknowledges
that narratives matter and that by studying the same,
one can construe their influence on policies. The
paper finds that resistance groups such as the Taliban,
mobilize support and operate in battlefields across
Afghanistan; simultaneously bolstering t ...
1-Tahir Ul Mulk Kahlon Assistant Professor,Department of Government and Public Policy, Faculty of Contemporary Studies, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Ghulam Qumber Deputy Director ISSRA, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan3-Rafaqat Islam Faculty of Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA), National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Pakistan: An Assessment of the Support of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (2000-2016)
An effective Water Sanitation and
Hygiene (WASH) is considered as one
of the building blocks for the health of a populace.
Unfortunately, this sector in Pakistan is quite fragile,
and the intensity of fragility varies from one unit of the
state to the other. However, for the development of
WASH in Pakistan, the Asian Development Bank
(ADB) and the World Bank (WB) are providing
assistance in project preparation and implementation.
This paper outlines the causes of the poor condition of
WASH sector in Pakistan. Moreover, it evaluates the
interventions of the ADB and the WB in the country
from 2000-20016. It is also pondered over whether or
not these interventions have brought betterment in
WASH sector in different provinces of Pakistan. More
importantly, the paper also highlig ...
1-Huma Ikhlaq Lecturer, University of Lahore,Islamabad Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sohail Ahmad Assistant Professor,Department of Humanities,COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Inayat Kalim Assistant Professor,Department of Humanities,COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Pakistan, Water Sanitation and Hygiene, World Bank
Regional Security Implications of ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)
CPEC is the first of the Belt and Road
Initiative’s (BRI) six envisioned
corridors and the flagship project connecting the belt
from Kashgar with the maritime Silk Road at Gwadar
Port of Pakistan. From Pakistan’s perspective, this
project has been labelled “Fate Changer” for
Pakistan and “Game Changer” for the entire region.
CPEC is expected to bring significant economic and
geo-strategic benefits for Pakistan and China. The
expected investment of USD 60 billion will elevate
Pakistan’s economy and security. Both the countries
remain committed to see its timely completion. While
CPEC offers opportunities at global, regional and
domestic levels, it faces some internal and external
challenges. Therefore, a comprehensive approach in
realm of foreign policy initiati ...
1-Ghulam Qumber Deputy Director, ISSRA, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Waseem Ishaque Assistant Professor,Department of IR, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Jawad Shah Deputy Director, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
CPEC, Fate Changer, Game Changer, WinWin Cooperation
China Pakistan Economic Corridor and the Complex Interdependence
Presented in the late 70s, the theory of
Complex Interdependence is in line
with the contemporary scenario of international
politics. International politics has given up the
traditional approaches of hard power. Non-state
actors now serve as significant stakeholders in world
peace. This paper examines CPEC along the
framework of Complex Interdependence. China will
build a network of roads, railways and highways
across Pakistan, contributing to infrastructure
development and economic growth. The notion that
China and Pakistan are “iron brothers” is popular
among the diplomatic circles of both states. Both
states share military, diplomatic and strategic ties.
However, the economic ties could not be realized to
the full potential as contacts at the societal level are
1-Sohail Ahmad Assistant Professor,Department of International Relation,COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sadia Sohail MS scholar,Department of International Relations,COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Rizwan MS scholar,Department of International Relations,COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan.
CPEC, China, Pakistan, Complex Interdependence, Challenges, China
Evaluation of the Post-Insurgency Rehabilitation Program in Sri Lanka
In the broader Disarmament,
Demobilization and Reintegration
(DDR) programs, the terms ‘rehabilitation’ and
‘reintegration’ are erroneously used as synonyms.
The manifestation of these two distinct phases of a
program can be seen in many affected parts of the
world. Sri Lanka is one such place where the
rehabilitation program was launched after an
extended war against insurgency. The vigilantes
constituted by the Sri Lankan armed forces, known as
Civil Defense Forces (CDF) has been controversial.
This paper differentiates the theory and practice and
explains what could be done to enhance the capacity
and effectiveness of the programs ...
1-Ilam Khan PhD Scholar, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies,Center for International Peace and Stability (CIPS), National University of Sciences and Technology 2-Ahmed Saeed Minhas Ex-Director,Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA),National Defense University (NDU), Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Hajra Nasir Satti MS Scholar, Department of International Relations,COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Mitigating Challenges of CASA-1000 for Greater Regional Cooperation
To sustain economic growth of the
South Asian region, an uninterrupted
supply of abundant Central Asian energy needs to be
ensured. The situation for energy trade between the
two regions is mutually beneficial. The Central Asia
South Asia Electricity Transmission and Trade
Project (CASA-1000) is a well-thought initiative to
fulfill the energy demands of the region by
transmitting 1300 megawatts electricity from
Tajikistan and Kyrgyz Republic to Afghanistan and
Pakistan. Central Asian partners are enthusiastic on
the completion of CASA-1000 as the project is
expected to bring an economic boost to the countries.
Despite many opportunities, the project is facing some
challenges in the form of financing of the project,
security of the transmission lines, political instability
1-Zaheer Abbas MS Scholar,Department of International Relations,COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Manzoor Khan Afridi Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, IIUI, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Inayat Kalim Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
CASA-1000, Central Asia, South Asia, Pakistan, Afghanistan
Foreign Debt and its Implications for Pakistan’s National Security
National security implications of the
rising government debt in Pakistan
increase concerns about military powers such as the
USA and industrial giants such as Japan. This paper
examines the unprecedented rise and abundant use of
debt by governments since 2008. Apart from economic
sustainability risks of the debt, the paper also traces
history of Pakistan’s search for national security since
1947. Pakistan achieved nuclear capability in the face
of opposition from the USA. There are fears that in the
presence of huge external debts and low capacity to
service them, Pakistan may not be able to take
independent decisions regarding national security.
The paper offers recommendations to overcome the
1-Rafaqat Islam Faculty of Institute for Strategic Studies,Research and Analysis (ISSRA), National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sarfraz Hussain Ansari Assistant Professor, Department of Government and Public Policy, Faculty of Contemporary Studies, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Shahzad Hussain Assistant Professor, Department of Government and Public Policy,Faculty of Contemporary Studies, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Foreign Debt, National Security, Exacerbation, Sanctions, Legislation
Expression of Socio-Political Zeitgeist in Tsarist Central Asia Printing
Orientalist approach to Central Asia
especially Bukhara in our historical
references present a romantic picture. This paper
takes publications and printing as the indicator of
intellectual maturity of the population and
progressive zeitgeist in socio-political life. Analysis of
historical events and facts reveal very little appetite of
reading, almost universal ignorance and scarcity of
written/printed books. The transformation of Central
Asia took place after introduction of presses during
the Tsarist control. With the arrival of printing, not
only literacy increased but also the scope, number and
range of topics expanded. As a result of
printing/publication, the Jadidist ideology emerged
and opposed the Qadimist status quo. Ultimately the
Jadids prevailed. Therefore, the p ...
1-Ayaz Ahmad Lecturer,Department of English,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Bilal Assistant Registrar, Women University, Swabi, KP, Pakistan.3-Asghar Khan Lecturer Department of Regional Studies,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Central Asia, Publication, Printing, Sociopolitical Zeitgeist, Orientalism
Strategic Significance of Pakistan’s Counter Terrorism Efforts Since 2014
Pakistan is successfully fighting
against militants in its tribal areas.
The threat in tribal areas has complicated security
situation. Many terrorist groups allegedly operate in
FATA, e.g. Hafiz Gul Buhadur Group, Molvi Nazir
Group, the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, and the
Haqqani Network/ Afghan Taliban. The operation
Zarb-I-Azb was a huge success. Pakistan’s army
destroyed many IED Factories, dismantled training
Centers of the Suicide Bombers run by different
terrorist groups and TTP Run Media Centers, exposed
detention centers of militants and recovered foreign
currency during Operation Zarb-i-Azb. For long term
peace and stability in tribal areas, the government
must carry out reconstruction and development
programs aon a large scale. There is a need to rebuild the capa ...
1-Masood Ur Rehman Khattak Assistant Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations,International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI), Pakistan. 2-Tauqeer Hussain Sargana Assistant Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations, International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI), Pakistan.3-Mujahid Hussain Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences,Bahria University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Terrorism, Taliban, TTP, FATA, Haqqani Network, NATO
Indo-Russian Missile Defense Deal: Re-Calibration of Ties
Russia has been India’s all-weather
friend and strategic partner for the past
70 years. However, for a decade or so, they are
drifting away and are seeking new friends and
partners. India has been making new partners in the
West and Russia is working closely with China to
counter US hegemony. It has been forging warmer,
more cooperative relations with Pakistan. In this
scenario, the recent missile defense deal can be
considered a milestone in bilateral relations between
India and Russia, ushering in a new era in relations.
Mutual interests and politics led both states to
recalibrate their relation so as to not lose old, trusted
partners and simultaneously maintain strategic
autonomy. This research qualitatively analyzes the
structural drivers in the relation of the two sta ...
1-Sahar Anwar Khan Lecturer,Department of International Relations,Women University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Uroosa Ishfaq MS Scholar,Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Paksitan.3-Muhammad Usman Ullah Junior Research Fellow,Humanity Research Council,Islamabad, Pakistan.
Russia, India, S-400 Defense, Defense deal, Structuralism
Avoiding Zero-Sum between Iran and Saudi Arabia: Pragmatism in Pakistan’s Gulf Policy
Foreign policy formulation and
management is quite sensitive. No
country can either desire or afford to remain isolated
internationally. Furthermore, a state is always
concerned with its security and survival and cannot
afford to sacrifice national interests. As a member of
the international community, states, apart from
ensuring their national interests are also expected to
play their due role for international peace and
stability. Pakistan has always followed a pragmatic
foreign policy and demonstrated exceptional skills in
balancing her relations with major powers and
regional players. Pakistan has also maintained a
finely balanced policy towards Middle East and Gulf.
The crises in Yemen, transformation in the Middle
East and transitional balance of power demand a reevalu ...
1-Syed Jawad Shah Deputy Director, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Waseem Ishaque Assistant Professor, Department of IR,National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Noor Fatima Assistant Professor,Department of International Relations,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Nuclear Security and Diplomacy in South Asia: Future Prospects for the Nuclear Pakistan
This paper rationalizes the major
pressures on Pakistani nuclear
program in a regional perspective and explores the
sufficiency of various solutions that Pakistan can
adopt to cope with them. The paper argues that though
Pakistan reluctantly entered the nuclear race
compelled by India, the club of early nuclear powers
does not recognize this compulsion. The pressures on
Pakistan are multifarious: sanctions on acquisition of
arms, aid, and engaging in economic activities and
overt/covert diplomacy (ranging from persuasion to
intimidation and isolation). The paper finds that for
Pakistan, besides nuclear arms, the main issues are
her statehood, security, and development. The paper
recommends that future demographic developments
and finding a solution to the economic woes would ...
1-Asghar Khan Lecturer, Department of Regional Studies, Department of Regional Studies,2-Amjad Ali Dadda Independent Research Scholar,Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Nuclear Security, Diplomacy, Strategic, Pakistan, South Asia
The Impact of Power Structure on Sustainable Ecotourism at Chitral Gol National Park Pakistan
This research investigated the issues
of power structure and government
policies and its implementation towards sustainable
ecotourism development in Chitral Gol National Park
Pakistan (CGNP). Data was collected through
unstructured questionnaires from staff members,
community and tourists. The respondents were
selected by using purposive sampling technique.
Qualitative data techniques such as focus group
discussion and in-depth interviews were conducted
with the key stakeholders to explore the effect of
policies, implementation and power structure on
sustainable ecotourism. The results suggest that there
is an imbalance of power structure and poor policy
implementation that badly affect the sustainable
ecotourism at CGNP. This study can be replicated in
other National Park ...
1-Mohib ullah PhD Scholar,Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.2-Amran Rasli Professor, Azman Hashim International Business School,Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.3-Fayaz Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences,Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
South Asian region could not achieve
prosperity and growth until Pakistan
and India work together for the development of trade
relations. Their cordial trade links would open the
gate of opportunities for all. This is only possible if
rivalry is removed and supportive environment for
trade is introduced. This article is addressing the
question whether there is any potential for trade
between Pakistan and India or not? An affirmative
answer to this question encourages both giants to
divert their productive energies towards economic
interdependence and regional uplift. Pakistan and
India have the potential of trade, though trade has
both characters of competitiveness and
complementarity while both can lead to prosperous
trade relations if sincerely pursued. Competitiveness
1-Saima Gul PhD ScholarDepartment of International Relations, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan. 2-Shaukat Lecturer,Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Shaista Gohar Lecturer, Department of Pakistan Studies, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Competitiveness, Complementarity, Formal and Informal Trade, Interdependence
Measuring the Administrative Satisfaction of Government Higher Secondary School Principals in Punjab
The study was intended to look into the
level of administrative satisfaction
experienced by the government higher secondary
school principals . The target population of the study
was all the principals working in government higher
Secondary School of the Punjab province. A sample of
one hundred principals from seven districts
participated in this study. The researcher developed a
questionnaire to measure administrative satisfaction
among male and female principals. Two research
questions guided the study. Data collected with the
instrument were analyzed both descriptively and
inferentially using mean, standard deviation. The
results revealed that the principals working in
government higher secondary schools experience a
moderate level of administrative satisfaction. The
1-Khuda Bakhsh Assistant Professor, Department of Education,Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Shafqat Rasool Lecturer, Department of Education,, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Khaliq Hussain PhD Scholar, Department of Education, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Takaful, Insurer type and Efficiency: An Application of Parametric Approach
This study is conducted in two steps.
Firstly, Stochastic Frontier Approach
(SFA) is applied to estimate efficiency of the Takaful
and conventional insurance firms in Pakistan from
2005 to 2010. It is found that life insurers are
performing poor in comparison to general insurers. In
addition, Takaful firms are found less cost efficient in
comparison to conventional insurance firms.
Secondly, the Tobit results imply that the size,
investment and claim are found negatively related
with the efficiency of insurance companies which
suggests that larger size raise the cost of doing
business whereas, due to financial crises the
investment of large firms are also dropped. Moreover,
improvement in minimum capital requirement is found
fruit full both for cost and profit efficiencies.
1-Muhammad Jam e Kausar Ali Asghar Assistant Professor,Department of Management Sciences, University of South Asia, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abdul Zahid Khan Assistant Professor, Department of Technology Management, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Hafiz Ghufran Ali Khan Assistant Professor,Department of Management Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Insurance, Takaful, Value added approach, SFA, Tobit
The Implementation Challenges to Women Protection Laws in Pakistan
Gender equality and the elimination of
violence against women has been taken
a high priority on the international development
agenda. Pakistan has introduced different laws from
time to time for the safety and protection of women
across the country including the different provinces.
The paper analyzed pro-women and girl laws in the
provinces of Sindh and tried to find out the barriers in
the implementation of such laws. The major barriers
found include the structural barriers at the level of
judicial, police and the system of prosecution. In
addition, the socio-cultural normative structure of
society is strongly patriarchal. The political interests
of different leaders, as well as political parties, also
get the issue of implementation compromised. ...
1-Muhammad Zubair Associate Professor, Department of Law, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP,
Pakistan.2-Syed Imran Haider Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, SW & Pop. Studies,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Farhana Khattak Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, SW & Pop. Studies,Allama Iqbal Open
University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Women Protection Laws, Gender Equality, Barriers, Justice System
Total factor productivity (TFP) has
played a vital role in fostering the
growth of the agriculture and manufacturing sectors
of emerging Asian economies. However, few attempts
have been made to unveil this link. The core objective
of our paper is to evaluate TFP growth via two
different approaches (1) growth accounting
framework and (2) Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)
for emerging Asian economies, namely, China,
Pakistan, India, Indonesia, South Korea, and Japan.
Results obtained from both approaches revealed that
on average productivity performance increased for
the sample countries over the study period.
Furthermore, DEA results indicated that increase in
agriculture and manufacturing sector’s productivity is
largely attributable to the technological advancement
in thes ...
1-Asma Saeed PhD Scholar, Department of Economics, Pakhtunkhwa Economic Policy Research Institute, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Zahoor Ul Haq Professor, Department of Economics, Pakhtunkhwa Economic Policy Research Institute,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Javed Iqbal Assistant Professor,Department of Economics, Pakhtunkhwa Economic Policy Research Institute, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Data Envelopment Analysis; Growth Accounting Framework; Productivity; Total Factor Productivity.
Attitude and its Aspects towards English Language Learning among the Students of Public and Private Schools of Gujranwala
This comparative study investigates the learners' attitudes
towards learning English from two comparative
education systems (private and public sector) of
Pakistan. This study is an attempt to measure the
cognitive, emotional and behavioral attitudes of these
young learners towards English. The research
methodology is quantitative in nature. The tool used
for data analysis by the researchers is questionnaire.
Steal’s (2004) questionnaire has been used to measure
the attitude of the learners towards English language.
The data has been collected from 100 students of four
different schools including two private and two public
schools in Gujranwala district. The quantitative
analysis of the data is executed by SPSS and the
findings reveal that the students of private schools
1-Muhammad Shahbaz Assistant Professor, Department of English, GC Women University, Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Behzad Anwar Assistant Professor,Department of English, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Babar Jamil Assistant Professor,Department of English,Gift University, Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.
L2 Attitude, Public Schools, Private Schools, Gujranwala Pakistan
Volatility of Regional Sharia Compliance Returns and US News Impact
Investigation of the impact of US News
proxy on the returns of regional sharia
compliance indices and volatility is the primary aim
of this study. The daily data of Dow Jones Islamic
index (DJII), Jakarata Islamic Index (JKII), Karachi
Meezan Islamic Index (KMI) and Standard and Poor
500 stock index has been taken for the period of July
01, 2013 to June 30, 2018. GARCH (1,1) is extended
with US News proxy for KMI, DJII and JKII. US news
proxy identifies that leverage effect reveal the long run
persistency in volatility. EGARCH (1,1) model
indicates that higher volatility has bee also increased
by bad news than good news due to leverage effect in
sharia compliance returns. This study leads to extend
various assets pricing models by modeling the
volatility and will also inform ...
1-Kashif Hamid Lecturer, Institute of Business Management Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Rana Shahid Imdad Akash Assistant Professor,University of Sargodha,Women Campus, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Mudasar Ghafoor Director,University of The Punjab, Jhelum Campus, Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan.
US News, Volatility, Sharia Compliance Indices, Leverage Effect
Socio-Cultural Determinants of Child Marriages and Teenage Pregnancies among Adolescent Girls and Young Women: A Case Study of District Sanghar and Karachi
Child marriages and early age
pregnancy are an alarming issue
among adolescent girls and young females in South
Asian region. This research was carried out to
understand the knowledge, attitude, and practices
towards child marriages and early age pregnancies.
For this purpose an exploratory research design was
employed and data was gathered through using
qualitative and quantitative research techniques. The
research found that the respondents were lacking
authentic knowledge about sexual and reproductive
health rights. Most of the respondents were having
access to public and private health service providers
and this channel can be a source for the quality
information about sexual and reproduce health and
rights. An integrated approach through combing all
the channels and st ...
1-Syed Imran Haider Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Arshad Khan Bangash Assistant Professor,Department of Sociology, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Ali PhD Scholar,Goethe University, Frankfurt Main, Germany.
Paradigm Shift from Conventional to Islamic Banking System: A Case of the Conversion of Taqwa Islamic Banking in Pakistan
The paradigm shift in banking
industry from conventional to Islamic
system of banking has been evident in previous
decade. Conventional institutions are also either
setting-up Islamic subsidiaries or converting
conventional set-up into Islamic. The bank of Punjab
started Taqwa Islamic Banking-(TIB) by converting
its 1st branch into Islamic banking in 2012. In 2014,
the bank completed one of the largest conversion
project by converting 24 conventional into Islamic
banking. In this paper, the regulatory guidelines of
SBP in respect to conversion is discussed and
procedure adopted by the bank of Punjab-TIB- is
studied and analyzed. Practical complications and key
problems faced by BOP-TIB and its possible solution
is also presented. The study will provide a clear view
of the c ...
1-Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmed Assistant Professor,Department of Islamic & Arabic Studies,University of Swat, Swat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Javed Khan Lecturer, Department of Islamic & Arabic Studies, University of Swat, Swat, KP, Pakistan.3-Fazl e Haq Lecturer, Department of Islamic & Arabic Studies,University of Swat, Swat, KP, Pakistan
Paradigm shift, Islamic Banking, Conversion, SBP, The Bank of Punjab
Anthropometric and Physical Fitness of the Under-16 Regional-School Cricket Players, of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
The aim of this study was to analysis
the anthropometry and fitness of the
under-16 regional and school cricket players. Twenty
participants were selected from the Bahawalpur
regional cricket team and (n = 20) from school teams.
Selected variables were height, weight, skinfolds,
girths, bone lengths, breadths, 30-m race, set-ups,
hand grip strength, flexibility, standing broad jump,
and agility. the anthropometric and physical fitness of
regional and school cricket players was compared by
applying Independent t-test. The results disclosed that
the regional cricket players were significantly higher
in arm span, arm length, and leg lengths, shoulder,
elbow and knee breadths. The regional cricketers
were faster in 30 m sprints, hand grip strength, setups, flexibility, and standi ...
1-Muhammad Tahir Nazeer Assistant Professor,Department of Sports Science & Physical Education,The Punjab University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Zia Ul Haq Lecturer,Department of Physical Education & Sports Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Badar Habib Lecturer,Department of Physical Education & Sports Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
Anthropometry, Body Segments, Cricket Bowling, Cricket Batting, Cricket Players
The research regarding Child rights in
Pakistan has immense magnitude for
the socio-economic development in Pakistan.
Resembling the majority of the worlds developing
countries, Pakistan is also facing numerous social and
economic problems. The weaker economic condition
of the society resulted in an environment of uneven
social conditions and class discrimination which
becomes a huge hurdle in the way of attainment of a
prosperous society. However, the most vulnerable
element of society which is mainly affected by the
worse social or economic condition is children.
Approximately thirty-five % of the countrys populace
is age 15 or lower from which about twenty-five
millions are out of schools and 12 million are
employed in labor work. The objective of this study is
to analyz ...
1-Manzoor Ahmad Associate Professor,Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Zubair Associate Professor, Department of Law,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Rizwan Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies,Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, Abbottabad KP, Pakistan.
Pakistan, Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Child Rights, Child labor, Sexual abuse
Correlation between the Anthropometric Measures and Performance of the Cricket Pull Shot- A Case Study of the Malaysian National Batsmen
This study was conducted to examine
the correlation between the
anthropometric measure and kinematic of pull shot.
Eighteen cricket batsmen were recruited for data
collection. The variables were recorded as stature,
body mass, skinfolds, girths, bone lengths, breadths
and physical strengths. The pull shots were recorded
with two video cameras and Aerial Performance
Analysis System (APAS) software for the kinematic of
the pull shot. All kinematic were not significantly
correlated with the pull shot performance except the
bat angle. It was concluded that the girths and
breadths of upper and lower limbs are associated with
higher perforamnce of pull shot at the moment of batball contact. The wider arms help to maintain the body
position to execute a successful pull shot. The
1-Muhammad Zia Ul Haq Lecturer,Department of Physical Education & Sports ScienceThe Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Badar Habib Lecturer, Department of Physical Education & Sports Science,The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Nazeer Assistant Professor,Department of Sports Science & Physical Education, The Punjab University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Cricket Batting, Kinematics, Anthropometrics, Body Segments, Pull Sho
Ascend and Descend of the British in the Malakand Zone and the Role of the Napoleon of the Pathans: A Historical Study
The Siege of Malakand was the July 26 to August 2, 1897 siege of the British garrison in the Malakand region of colonial British Indias NWFP. The unrest caused by this division of the Pashtun lands led to the rise of Saidullah, a Pashtun Fakir who led an army of at least 10,000 against the British garrison in Malakand. Although the British forces were divided among a number of poorly defended positions, the small garrison at the camp of Malakand South and the small fort at Chakdara were both able to hold out for six days against the much larger Pashtun army. The Napoleon of Pathans- Khan Umara Khan of Janduls role will be put under discussion which is considered as a hub of the discussion held in this article. ...
1-Abdul Zahoor Khan Assistant Professor,Department of History & Pakistan Studies,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Khurshaid Lecturer,Department of International Relations, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Bilal Assistant Registrar,Women University, Swabi, KP, Pakistan.
Pre and Post Partition Socio-Economical and Educational Development in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Historical Review
This paper shows the pre and post
scenario of the then N.W.F.P now Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. The objectives of the study were (i) to
explore the pre partition history of the educational
development (ii) to explore the post partition scenario
of educational uplift in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (iii)
to compare the pre and post partition educational
developments in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Data was collected mainly from primary sources like
Directorate of Archives and libraries, Peshawar and
personal interviews were conducted too. For
secondary sources, data was collected from books,
research papers, newspapers, magazines and other
published material. The data was analyzed through
internal and external criticism. It was concluded from
the study th ...
International Arab Students Attitude towards Learning English
English is not more the language of
few countries it has become an
international phenomenon. Thats why many types of
research all over the world are exploring the attitude
of these non-native English learners towards it. The
current study explores the attitude of Arab students
(studding in Malaysia) towards learning English. This
study adopted the methods of descriptive research
design. In this approach, quantitative data from
questionnaires of 49 respondents, Arab countries
students studying at the University of Science
Malaysia was collected. For data analysis, Pearson
correlation and multiple recreations were conducted
and it was found out that the Arab students with the
attitude towards English had a significant correlation
with English learning and importance and Englis ...
1-Saira Maqbool Assistant Professor,Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Lubna Umar Lecturer,Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Umaima Kamran Lecturer,Department of Linguistics, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Independence of Judiciary: An Assessment of Lawyers Movement and its Impact on Civil Society of Pakistan
Lawyers are important part of
Pakistani society. They actively
participated in the movement against the military
regimes. Social movement are necessary for the
renewal of the society. These movements help to make
a society vibrant and prone to democratization. All the
fractions of the society took keen interest in this
movement. This historic movement gave youth the
initial lessons of democracy and students took part in
this movement as they were active in the first two
decades of Pakistani political history. Students are the
educated and informed part of the society and
remained on forefront in the movements in the
country. In recent years lawyers, media, students
unions, military and ulema played important role in
restoring of judiciary and played important role for
1-Ali Shan Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science & IR,GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Waris Assistant Professor,Department of History & Pakistan Studies,GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab,
Pakistan.3-Mian Muhammad Azhar Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science & IR, GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Lawyer, Civil Society, Democratization, Rule of law, Social Movements, Democracy, Pressure Groups, Political Parties, Justice
Emotional Intelligence of Lecturers and its Impact on Teaching Effectiveness at Public Universities of Peshawar
The objectives of the article were to
highlight the relationship between
Emotional Intelligence (EI) and teaching effectiveness
of lecturers at public universities of Peshawar, Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa. The researcher adopted a quantitative
research design to examine the relationship between
the variables under study. The population of the study
was lecturers working at public universities of
Peshawar. A multistage sampling technique was used
to select a sample of the study. Data was gathered
using the Self Report Measure of Emotional
Intelligence and Teaching Effectiveness Scale. The
validity of the instrument was determined through
experts opinion while reliability was established
using Cronbach Alpha. Data were analyzed applying
Pearson Product Correlation using SPSS 20 version ...
1-Shazia Kanwal Principal,Elementary and Secondary Education, KP, Pakistan.2-Mohammad Sohail Lecturer, Department of Education,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, PK, Pakistan.3-Hafiz Muhammad Inamullah Professor,Institute of Education and Research,University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Political Marginalization of Women in Pakistan: Issues and Challenges
Women constitute almost half of the
worlds population but are politically
marginalized and underrepresented in the third-world
countries. The long-lived traditional structures as well
as socio-economic factors adversely affected their
mobility, socialization, political and electoral
participation and representation in policy-making
forums. Being low in effectiveness, they are unable to
make any significant change in the patterns of sociopolitical development. In Pakistan, the traditional
patriarchal approach and the growth of Islamic
fundamentalism adversely affected their political
emancipation and domesticated them. Although,
women in Pakistan successfully struggled to overcome
the said challenges and their representation in the
parliament has significantly been increased b ...
1-Mian Muhammad Azhar Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science & IR, GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abdul Basit Khan Assistant professor,Department of Political Science & IR,GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Waris Assistant Professor,Department of History & Pakistan Studies,GC, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan, Political Marginalization, Women Participation, Patriarchal Approach, Inclusive Society
Promoting Consumer Culture: An Analysis of Pakistani Electronic Media Advertisements
This study aims at analyzing Pakistani
electronic media advertisements
discourse to investigate the linguistic techniques of
consumer product companies to reach more
customers and sell more products. The research study
focuses on the characteristic features of the
advertising discourse which are intended to
inculcating desirability and fostering new needs in the
viewers/consumers. The data for the research consists
of 12 advertisements aired on Pakistani TV channels.
Linguistic analysis of the research study reveals that
advertisements serve the primary function of enabling
the consumer products companies to win the largest
market share. Creative and innovative use of linguistic
and extra linguistic features make advertising
discourse powerful, potent and persuasive enough t ...
1-Rashida Imran Lecturer,Department of English,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Saira Maqbool Assistant Professor,Department of English,Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Ameer Sultan Lecturer,Department of English,International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Studying Teacher Resilience: Nature and Conditions of Development of Resilience in Tertiary Teachers of Pakistan
This study explored the nature and
conditions conducive to the
development of resilience in tertiary teachers of
Pakistan. The study employed a qualitative approach
to data collection and analysis. Data was collected
from five information-rich cases through the use of a
life history approach to narrative inquiry and semistructured interviews. The data acquired was then
subjected to linear and contrastive analysis to arrive
at main themes or categories of resilience based on
the commonalities in experience evident in the
narratives of the research participants. The themes
were the maturity and personal growth of the
individual, the commitment to the profession, the role
of mental strength and capabilities, leadership and
authority positions, successful incidents of handling
1-Shagufta Moghal Department of Professional Studies,Institute of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Asma Shahid Kazi Department of Professional Studies,Institute of Education,Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Tahira Kalsoom Research and Evaluation Department,Lahore College for Women UniversityLahore, Pakistan.
Teacher Resilience, Professional Development, Tertiary Education, Life Risk and Protective Factors
How do Students Self-Esteem and Attitude to Learning English Relate to Classroom Learning Environment?
This study investigates the correlation
of secondary level learners attitudes
for learning English and self-esteem with the
classroom learning environment. From Punjab
Province, 1002 public secondary school respondents
formed the population. The sample consisted of males
(486), females (516), urban (565) and rural (437) and
was selected from two districts (Lahore and Kasur).
Instruments namely WIHIC (Fraser, 2007), attitude
towards learning English (Batool, 2016) and students
self-esteem (Rosenberg,) scales having reliability
0.91, 0.83 and 0.68 (in Pakistani context) respectively,
were used. Findings exposed a significant and more
positive attitude for learning English among female
respondents. Correlation (Pearson r) between the
learning environment and attitude for learni ...
Perception of Prospective Teachers about Practices of Sustainable Competencies Learned During PreService Teachers Program
The quality of teachers and teaching
depends on prospective teacher
education programs which have been enthusiastic to
gain competencies among teachers. Therefore, to
attain essential teacher competencies during teacher
training programs has great meaning to prepare
prospective teachers for the teaching profession. This
research focused to explore the pre-service teachers
perceptions about practices of competencies they
learned during the teacher education program.
Through survey research data was collected from
B.Ed. Hons student through an instrument. A
convenient sampling technique was employed. The
result of data shows no significant difference in
competencies practices on basis of gender and sector,
the only significant difference was seen in in-service
teacher compete ...
British Public Perception towards Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
This article seeks to explore the
perception of the British informants
regarding the Afghanistan war 2001 and Iraq war
2003. Heavy users of British media were interviewed.
The present article adopts the qualitative approach
and ten in-depth interviews were conducted by the
British informants. It was found that the British
informants considered the 9/11 attacks as a tragic
incident and Al Qaeda was held responsible for this.
They supported their governments policies to curb
terrorism but they highly condemned human
causalities during the Afghanistan and Iraq wars.
Particularly, they condemned their governments
policy about Iraq war 2003. Regarding, the British
media coverage of these wars, there was mixed
opinion. Some of them considered that British media
gave biased covera ...
1-Aasima Safdar Assistant Professor,Department of Communication studies,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Samia Manzoor Assistant Professor,Department of Communication studies,Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Ayesha Qamar Lecturer Department of Communication & Media studies,Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Public perception, British media, Iraq war, Afghanistan war
The Usage of Smartphone in Improving English Language Pronunciation at University Level
Learning correct pronunciation is a
challenging job for second language
learners. Learning correct pronunciation is possible
only by the continuous effort in listening and
practicing the Received Pronunciation, the most
prestigious and standards accents of British English.
Smartphones help the learners to speak English with
pronunciation. The current research study was an
effort to explore the usage of smartphones in
improving English language pronunciation at the
university level. Descriptive and quantitative research
method was used in this study. Data were collected
through a questionnaire that had close-ended items.
Questionnaires were distributed among 383 learners
studying in 6 universities of Punjab, Pakistan. Data
were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social ...
1-Shahida Naz PhD Scholar, Department of English, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Mamuna Ghani Professor, Department of English, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Smartphones, English Language, Pronunciation, University, Education