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Challenges to Pakistan’s Foreign Policy in the Post-Cold War Era: 1991-2001
Pakistans geo-strategic position determined her foreign policy choices and directions during the global cold war
conflict. The dawn of the new global system brought new phase of challenges and constraints for Pakistan. This new
unipolar power structure obliged Pakistan to think in terms of reorientation of her foreign policy because it had lost her importance
and opportunities after the Afghan ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Ahmad AliPhD Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Khurshaid AhmadLecturer, Department of International Relations, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan. 3-Zahir ShahAssistant Professor, Department of Political Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Cold War, Foreign Policy, US Strategy, Taliban, Nuclear Tests, Globalization
Drawing the Foreign Rivalry: Depiction of Indo-Pak Relations in Political Cartoons of Mainstream Pakistani and Indian English Newspapers (2014-2017)
Political cartoons play a significant role in the image construction of nations on the basis of foreign policies and
relationships. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to examine the treatment of English newspapers of Pakistan and
India to portray the Indo-Pak relationship in their political cartoons. This paper also analyzes the signs and symbols used to construct
images during conflicts. Poli ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Ayesha AshfaqAssistant Professor, Institute of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Saba IjazLecturer, Department of Mass Communication, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. 3-Savera ShamiAssistant Professor, Department of Mass Communication, University of the Punjab Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Pakistan-India Rivalry, Image Representation, Political Cartoons, Foreign Relations, Newspapers
Continuous Development for Good Governance and Rule of Law: Obligations on International Institutions and Pakistan
Good Governance and rule of law, the prerequisites of sustainable development are recognized and developed by
international organizations to promote democracy. But the situation of both mentioned doctrines has not been so
satisfactory in Pakistan, one of the democratic countries where new laws have had been established incompatibility with previous ones.
Whereas, objectives of lawmaking and sus ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Ghulam ZikriaAssistant Professor, Department of Political Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Yasmin Roofi Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Rule of Law, Good Governance, Development, Pakistan
Candidates Personality and Voting Preferences in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
This study tries to find out whether personality of a candidate affects the voters preferences in elections in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa or not? It is believed that like other socio-political and economic preferences, candidates personality
is also an important determinant of voting behaviour in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This paper is an attempt to identify different
indicators (Personal Influence, Socio-ec ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Hassan ShahLecturer, Department of Political Science, University of Buner, Buner, KP, Pakistan.2-Zahir Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Wajid Mehmood KhattakAssistant Professor, Department of Political Science, FATA University, Darra Adam Khel, KP, Pakistan.
Managing Agenda Setting in Pakistani Political TalkShows: A Functional Analysis of Interruptions
This study aims to investigate the functional performance of interruptions in political news interviews. The selected
sample for this study consists of approximately 200 minutes of recordings of political news interviews from the
public state owned channel PTV World. The methodological framework for this study comes from Conversation Analysis. The
analytical framework for the analysis has been ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Saira Asghar KhanLecturer, Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Samina Amin QadirVice Chancellor, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Rizwan AftabLecturer, Department of English, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Political News Interviews, Conversation Analysis, Interruptions, Cooperative and Disruptive Interruptions, Agenda Setting
Propagation of Ideologies through Textbooks: A Study of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa English Textbooks
The main purpose of the study is to highlight the ideological representation of
an Islamic state, Pakistan along with leadership mindset in the textbook. It is
a discourse study of the prescribed English textbook used as a core teaching
material at intermediate level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The researcher has
analyzed various extracts and taken different lessons from the textbook ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Akbar AliAssistant Professor, Department of English, FATA University, Kohat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Salma HassanLecturer, Department of English, Bacha Khan University, Charsadda, KP, Pakistan.3-Fazal HananAssistant Professor, Department of Sociology, FATA University, Kohat, KP, Pakistan.
Causes and Manifestations of the Perceived Behavioral Issues of Adolescents A Case Study of Learners in Secondary Schools Islamabad
The study aims to comprehend the adolescents’ behavioral issues and
their impact on their physical and emotional life. The theory of socialized
anxiety and adolescents has been applied to this study which conceptually analyzes the
anxiety and behavioral issues of the students. The qualitative and quantitative approach was
utilized in the study and adolescent students wee the targeted sample. ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Syed Imran HaiderAssistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Social Work and Population Studies, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Azhar WaqarM.Phil, International Development Studies, Pakistan Institute for Conflict and Security Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Samreen MehmoodAssistant Professor, Department of Education, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP,
Regional Discrepancies: Transformation of the Subsistence Livelihoods in the Cholistan Desert Region
The Cholistan dessert is hot and dry region with two distinguished regions of
Lesser and Greater Cholistan. The Lesser Cholistan is rapidly developed due
to development in agriculture, infrastructure, mechanization, transfer of technology and land
allotment policy. The Greater Cholistan region is least developed due to subsistence agriculture
system, frequent natural hazards and epidemics outb ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Sher Muhammad MalikAssistant Professor, Department of Geography, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Amjad AliAssistant Professor, Department of Centre for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDPM), University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Fazal Rahman Professor, Geography, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP ,Pakistan.
Proposed Strategies for the Effective Implementation of Early Childhood Education Programme in Punjab
The present study aimed to propose strategies for the effective implementation
of Early Childhood Education Programme in government schools in Punjab.
A sample of 300 heads of educational institutions was taken from the 36 districts of Punjab to
evaluate this programme. A questionnaire was used to collect the opinion of the heads of
educational institutions. The findings of the study show that ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Masroor AhmadStudent, Department Educational Planning & Management, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad Pakistan.2-Haroona JatoiDirector General (R), Academy of Educational Planning & Management (AEPAM), Academy of Educational Planning & Management, Islamabad Pakistan.3-Saqib RiazAssociate Professor Department of Mass Communications, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Early Childhood Education, Physical Facilities, Head’s Training, Teacher’s Training, School Council Members/Parents
Anticipated Tuberculosis Stigmatized Identities and Deviant Workplace Behavior: A Moderated Mediated Model in Pakistan
In a competitive world there is a need of countries to maintain the
productivity of firms. In the last few decades organizations highlighted the
issue that most of the employees engage in negative workplace behavior. The current study
highlights the serious causes of deviance behavior of employees. Employees diagnosed with
Tuberculosis become stigmatized; they exhibit negative behaviors instea ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Adeeba KhanPhD Scholar, Department of Management & Social Sciences, Capital University of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Syed Muhammad Mehdi Raza NaqviAssociate Professor, Department of Management & Social Sciences, Capital University of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Economies of Scale and Efficiency of Mutual Funds in Pakistan
Mutual funds have a significant role as an institutional investor to allocate funds in an efficient way. Therefore,
this study examines efficiency of mutual funds due to their substantial role in the growth of economy. Technical
Efficiency (TE), Pure Technical Efficiency (PTE), and Scale Efficiency (SE) of mutual funds are examined over the period of 2011
to 2016 by following Data Envelopment A ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Muhammad Jam e Kausar Ali AsgharAssistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, University of South Asia, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Abdul Zahid KhanAssistant Professor, Department of Technology Management, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Hafiz Ghufran Ali KhanAssistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan.
Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, Mutual Funds, Pakistan
Re-reading Silko’s Ceremonies and American History
This article retrieves the history of Native American ceremonies to highlight the aboriginal ways of being. Using
Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony to retrieve the reality of the ceremonies, I argue how the myths inscribed in Native
American contemporary writings are the social and cultural embedment of the ceremonies in which they were written and thus the
knowledge of prehistoric times. I focu ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Qasim ShafiqStudent, Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Shaheena Ayub BhattiProfessor, Department of English, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.3-Ghulam MurtazaAssociate Professor, Department of English, Government College University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
Error Analysis: A Study of Prepositional Errors at Advanced and Intermediate Level in Pakistan
The main purpose of this study was to contribute to a better understanding of the temporal preposition errors in
order to have a positive impact on the teaching and learning process. The study investigated temporal preposition
in the form of a test and questionnaire for the purpose of knowing the frequency and causes of these errors. The population consisted
of intermediate and advanced level s ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Liaqat IqbalAssistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Irfan UllahAssistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan3-Ayaz AhmadLecturer, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Empirically Investigating the Impact of Employee Engagement on Counterproductive Work Behavior of Academic Staff
This study aims to assess the impact of Employee Engagement (EE) on counterproductive work behavior. An
adopted survey instrument comprised of EE and CWB was used. Data was composed from academic staff through
self-administered questionnaire. The sample entailed 199 respondents randomly drawn from academic staff of the universities owned
by private sector. The instruments were found reliable an ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Hazrat BilalAssistant Professor, Center for Management & Commerce, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan. 2-Naveed FarooqAssistant Professor, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Kauser HayatLecturer, Government College of Management Sciences, Wana South Waziristan, Tribal District, KP, Pakistan.
Employee Engagement, Counterproductive Work Behavior, Academic Staff
Testing of Volatility Spillovers Dynamics and Network Connectedness between Islamic Indices of Regional Stock Markets
Volatility spillovers and market network connectedness is the most recent phenomena which prevails among the
financial markets. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the volatility spillovers and connectedness among Islamic
Stock indices of global (MSCI) and Islamic indices of the regional stock markets i.e., DJMI, FTSE, JKI and KMI during the period
01/07/ 2013 to 30/06/2018. We used EGA ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Kashif HamidLecturer, Institute of Business Management sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Rana Shahid Imdad AkashAssistant Professor, Commerce, University of the Punjab, Jhelum Campus, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Mudassar GhafoorAssistant Professor, University of the Punjab, Jhelum Campus, Pakistan.
Islamic Indices, EGARCH, DCC-GARCH, Volatility Spillover and Rolling Window Analysis
Social Media and Youth: Uses, Problems, and Prospects in Southern Punjab (Pakistan)
The current study aimed to explore and investigate the social media uses and gratifications among the youth of Southern
Punjab with regard to problems and prospects. The researcher aimed to investigate the social media usage behavior,
preferences, gratification,and motives of the youth aged between 17-25 years to measure the prospects and problems of social media usage
patterns. It was also mea ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Muhammad Bilal NawazPhD Scholar, Media Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Abdul Wajid KhanAssistant Professor, Media Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Media, Uses, Problems, Youth, Southern Punjab
Politics or No Politics on Social Media: Twitter and Pakistani Legislators
Social media is becoming an important forum for political activism and interaction; it is changing the entire
landscape for political communication and is moving it to an all-new level (Kathurwar, 2017). The greatest
advantage of Social Media is that the politicians themselves, are the producers of their own message. If, social media used strategically
can greatly help the politicians to dissem ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Savera ShamiAssistant Professor, Institute of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Social Media, Politicians, MNAs of Pakistan Twitter, Political Communication
Challenges of Confidentiality and Security in Mobile Cloud Computing and Protective Measures
Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC) has a significant potential to provide scalability, reliability, extra
battery life, and additional storage capacity. Due to the flexible infrastructure and simplicity of
access, cloud computing has become widespread. Energy consumption and execution time have also considerably
enhanced by shifting the execution of resources consuming tasks that bring the benefit to ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Dost Muhammad KhanAssistant Professor, Department of Computer Sciences and I.T, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Tariq Aziz RaoVisiting Lecturer, Department of Computer Sciences and I.T, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Faisal ShahzadLecturer, Department of Computer Sciences and I.T, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
Mobile Cloud Computing, Privacy, Security, Protective Measures